Lesson 1 A puma at large
Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America. When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously. However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar. The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw 'a large cat' only five yards away from her. It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered. The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening. Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes. Several people complained of "cat-like noises' at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from? As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape. The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.
1 When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously.
这句话中spot做了动词，表示看到，如在很多物品题中gift, book, clothes等，甚至看到一个地点如park，swimming pool 等，甚至人物题neighbour，famous person等
When she spotted the gift, she picked it up.当她看到这本书时，她把它拿起来了。
When I spotted this book, I couldn't help walking towards it and had a good read.我看到这本书时，忍不住走过去研读了一番。
When I spotted this piece of clothes, I was deeply impressed by it. 当我看见这件衣服时，我被它深深地吸引了。
2 However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for th
e descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.
这里的feel obliged to do sth. 表示感到不得不做某事，大家可以用在weather话题，表示天气糟糕，不得不做某事，V-T If you are obligedto do something, a situation, rule, or law makes it necessary for you to do that thing. 迫使例The storm got worse and worse. Finally, I was obliged to abandon the car and continue on foot.暴风雨越来越猛烈。最终，我被迫弃车徒步前行。
也可以在交通话题，public transport 如果说堵车，那就是不得不等上很久
We were struck in thick traffic, so we felt obliged to wait for ages.我们堵在拥堵的交通里了，不得不等很久。
或者在等待这种话题A time you waited for something special 大家可以说自己在等成绩，不得不在门口等之类的。
3 It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered.
V-T If you corner a person or animal, you force them into a place they cannot escape from. 使走投无路
例A police motorcycle chased his car twelve miles, and cornered him near Gainsborough.一辆警车追踪他的汽车12英里，在盖恩斯堡附近把他逼得走投无路。
4 Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits.
这里的a trail of 很棒，后面接可数和不可数都行，如：a trail of blood 一串血迹 （action movie 话题，动物话题）, a trail of mud 一串泥迹（countryside话题，rainy day 话题），a trail of destruction 一系列破坏 （动物话题）, a trail of broken promises 一系列实现不了的承诺（government相关话题）
5 As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape.
ADV You use somehow to say that you do not know or cannot say how something was done or will be done. 不知怎地; 不知以什么方式
例We'll manage somehow, you and me. I know we will.
Somehow Karin managed to cope with the demands of her career.
怎么回答 how often 题型
cycling — 一起来骑车！！| 雅思口语话题
新的一年到啦，我们在总结的一期推送中说要给大家实现新年愿望你要的雅思口语备考资料都在这里了我们要揭晓5位幸运的宝宝哦，获得点赞前三位的是：多么哇塞的..., viver,Catherine Li , 另外随机抽选的两名宝宝是：陈建秋，zero 以上五位宝宝可以在微博上私信我哦：趴趴雅思Sharon黄文琪 （其中zero宝宝是想进行英式发音的纠音，可以直接在微博上发一段宝宝念的英文我听一下哦，大概一分钟的长度，我会一个一个字来听哦。当然其他同学想要纠音的也可以参加英式发音7天集训）