2020高考英语考前2周冲刺:七选五篇

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所属分类:英语培训知识

(七选五)

【考纲解读】

给出一篇缺少5个句子的文章,对应有七个选项,要求考生根据文章结构、内容,选择正确的句子,填入相应的空白处。

考查考生的逻辑思维能力,也就是对上下文之间、层次之间逻辑关系的判断能力。

主要考查考生对文章的整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑的理解和掌握。选项特点:主旨概括句(文章整体内容)、过渡性句子(文章结构)、注释性句子(上下文逻辑意义)。

【高考预测】

综观近两年全国高考试题,预测2020年全国高考试题中的七选五试题还会:

1. 体裁以说明文和议论文为主(300词左右),且结构清晰(提出问题→解决问题),过程完整,适合考查标题概括、主题句和过渡句等。

2. 试题以考查细节理解类题型为主。

【应试技巧】

根据试题所在的不同位置确定不同的解题策略

1.如果空白在段首

(1)通常是段落主题句。认真阅读后文内容,根据段落一致性原则,查找同义词或其他相关词,从而推断出主题句。

(2)与后文是并列、转折、因果关系等。着重阅读后文的第一、二句,锁定线索词,然后在选项中查找相关词。通常正确答案的最后一句与空白后的第一句在意思上是紧密衔接的。

(3)段落间的过渡句。这时要前瞻后望,阅读上一段的结尾部分,并结合下一段的内容,将所选的答案代入,看其是否能承上启下,将两段内容连起来。

2.如果空白在段尾

(1)重点阅读空白前的一两句以锁定关键词。

(2)通常是结论、概括性语句。注意在选项中查找表示结果、结论、总结等的信号词,选项中也可发现前文的同义词、句。

(3)与前文是转折或对比关系。此时要注意在选项中查找表示转折、对比的关联词,同时注意选项内容是否与前文在同一主题上形成对立、对比关系。

(4)与前文是并列或排比关系。在这种情况下,通常是要补全说明本段主题的其他细节,在选项中会出现表示并列/递进关系的关联词或与前文类似的句式结构,或出现同义词等其他线索。前句与正确答案的第一句是紧密相连的,要特别注意阅读这样相连的两句。

(5)所选答案是引出下一段的内容。如果在选项中找不出与前文之间的关联,此时可考虑与下一段开头是否有一定的衔接。

(6)如果第一段的段尾是空白,要认真阅读,看此处是细节还是主题。

3.如果空白构成一整个自然段

(1)这个段落应该起承上启下的作用,而且自成一体,即有一个段落的中心,因此可重点阅读较长的选项,以此类推,直至找到正确答案。

(2)着重阅读前一段结尾和后一段开头的一两句,寻找相关的线索,而且重要线索通常会在后一段开头,因此后一段开头往往比前一段结尾更重要。

(3)分析段落之间的逻辑关系及内容的连贯性,注意段落间的衔接手段。将选项代入原文,如果前后内容连贯,符合逻辑,即为正确答案。

【真题回归】

典例(2016·新课标卷I)

Secret codes (密码) keep messages private. Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.

People have used secret codes for thousands of years. 1 Code breaking never lags (落后) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography.

There are three main types of cryptography. 2 For example, the first letters of "My elephant eats too many eels" spell out the hidden message "Meet me."

3 You might represent each letter with a number, for example. Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message "Meet me" would read "13 5 5 20 13 5."

A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book. 4 For example, "bridge" might stand for "meet" and "out" might stand for

"me." The message "Bridge out" would actually mean "Meet me." 5 However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.

A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.

B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.

C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.

D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.

E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.

F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.

G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.

●参考答案●

【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了密码的设置和破解的方法。比如利用该字母在字母表中排序的数字来代表该字母,或者利用一些单词的首字母来组成一个密码等。

1.D 【解题思路】根据后面一句"Code breaking never lags(落后) far behind code making"可知,此空该选D(只要有密码的存在,人们就会试图去破解它们)。

2.E 【解题思路】根据后一句的"For example, the first letters of ‘My elephant eats too many eels’ spell out the hidden message ‘Meet me.’"可知,此空该选E(你可以拼写每个单词的第一个字母来隐藏信息)。

3.G 【解题思路】上一段介绍了第一种密码类型,本段介绍的是第二种类型,再根据空后的内容可知,空处选G(另外一种隐藏信息的方式是用符号来代表字母表中的特定字母)。

4.F 【解题思路】由前一句的"a code book"和空后的"’bridge’might stand for...’me.’"可知,此空该选F(有了密码书,你就可以写下代表其他单词的单词)。

5.A 【解题思路】本段介绍的是密码书,根据空后的转折可知,此处该选A(没有密码书是很难破解密码的)。

【名校预测】

(2020届山西大学附中高三模考)

4 Key Strategies for Running to Lose Weight

As one of the most active exercises out there, running is an extremely efficient way to burn calories and lose weight. A 150-pound person will burn approximately 100 calories per mile when running. 1

1.Healthy Eating is the First Step

If you want to lose weight by running, keep in mind that you’ll only lose pounds if you burn more calories than you consume. To lose a pound, you have to burn, through exercise or life functions, about 3500 calories. 2 Runners do have special nutrition needs, but the basic principles for healthy eating still apply. Try choosing smaller portions of high-fat and high-calorie foods and eating more whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.

2.Follow a training schedule

Sticking to a training schedule is a simple way to stay motivated to run. 3 So it’s much harder to postpone or skip workouts. Following a schedule can also help you avoid a running injury by not increasing your mileage too quickly.

3.Run regularly

If you don’t want to follow a schedule, you still need to have some consistency with your running because you won’t lose weight by running once a week. It’s best to get some activity every day. 4 If you find that your motivation to run is suffering, follow some necessary tips to get inspired.

4.5

Incorporating speed work or interval training (running at a very fast speed for short intervals of time) into your running routine can also help your weight loss efforts. Speed work burns a great amount of calories in a short period of time. You’ll also increase your muscle mass, causing you to burn more calories throughout the day.

A. Keep it challenging

B. Eat for Performance

C. You’ll know exactly what you need to do every day and each run builds on the next.

D. So you’ll need to combine running with a healthy diet.

E. If you’re hoping to use running to lose weight, here’s some advice on how to be successful.

F. Here are ways to improve your running motivation.

G. But if that’s not possible, try to shoot for at least 3-4 times per week.

【语篇解读】跑步是很好的减肥的方法,但是怎样才是正确的跑步方法,文章给出一些建议。

1.E 【解析】根据上文"A 150-pound person will burn approximately 100 calories per mile when running."150磅的人跑步的时候大约燃烧100卡路里。可知这里是:如果你想通过跑步减肥,这里有些关于怎么成功的建议。故选E。

2.D 【解析】根据下文"Runners do have special nutrition needs, but the basic principles for healthy eating still apply."可知这里是:你需要将跑步和健康饮食结合起来。故选D。

3.C 【解析】根据上文"Sticking to a training schedule is a simple way to stay motivated to run."可知这里是:你将知道你每天要做什么,每次跑步给下一次奠定基础。故选C。

4.G 【解析】根据上文"It’s best to get some activity every day."可知这里是:如果那样不可能,每周至少锻炼三四次。故选G。

5.A 【解析】根据下文"Incorporating speed work or interval training"可知这里是:要保持有一定 挑战。故选A。

【终极预测】

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Forgiveness

To forgive is a virtue, but no one has ever said it is easy. When someone has deeply hurt you, it can be extremely difficult to let go of your hate. However, forgiveness is possible, and it can be surprisingly beneficial to your physical and mental health. People who forgive show less sadness, anger and stress and more hopefulness, according to a recent research.

____36____ Try the following steps:

Calm yourself. ____37____ You can take a couple of breaths and think of something that gives you pleasure: a beautiful scene in nature, or someone you love.

Don’t wait for an apology. Many times the person who hurt you does not intend to apologize. They may have wanted to hurt you or they just don’t see things the same way. ____38____ Keep in mind that forgiveness does not necessarily mean becoming friends again with the person who upset you.

Take the control away from your offender(冒犯者). Rethinking about your hurt gives power to the person who causes you pain. Instead of focusing on your mounded(半埋没的) feelings, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you.

____39____ If you understand your offender, you may realize that he or she was acting out of unawareness, fear, and even love. You may want to write a letter to yourself from your offender’s point of view.

Don’t forget to forgive yourself. ____40____ But it can rob you of your self-confidence if you don’t do it.

A. Why should you forgive?

B. How should you start to forgive?

C. Recognize the benefits of forgiveness.

D. Try to see things from you offender’s angle.

E. For some people, forgiving themselves is the biggest challenge.

F. To make your anger die away, try a simple stress management technique.

G. If you wait for people to apologize, you could be waiting an awfully long time.

Life getting you down? Learn to bounce back

"That which does not kill us makes us stronger." Nietzsche said. There are a number of ways that can get us through tough times, help us to bounce back and make us happier. ____36____

Find something you can control.

____37____ But taking small, positive steps in any area of our life can have a ripple effect, enabling us to move forward in the problem area.

____38____

As a species, we tend to focus on what’s wrong rather than what’s right. But we can benefit a lot from paying attention to what’s going right. Psychologists have shown consciously focusing on these good things helps to increase our experience of positive emotions.

Check your thinking.

____39____ Leading psychologist Martin Seligman found that the way we interpret the causes of everyday setbacks can have a significant impact on our ability to cope and our physical health. He also showed we can learn more resilient(有弹性的) thinking styles.

Distract yourself.

When we are immersed in a problem, it is hard to think creatively about ways to deal with it. It often helps to take time out from the things you are worrying about. ____40____ Not only does this give us a break from what we’re doing and our worries, it’s also great for our minds.

A. Always do something that is right.

B. It’s true that there are lots of things we can’t control.

C. An effective way of taking time out is exercise.

D. Next time you are feeling stressed or stuck, give them a try.

E. Focus on what’s right.

F. Next time something goes wrong for you, pause for a moment.

G. The way we think can destroy our own resilience.

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍人们宽恕别人的方法和途径。

36.B 根据前面的"People who forgive show less sadness, anger and stress and more hopefulness, according to a recent research."和后面的"Try the following steps:"可知此处应该是"如何原谅别人",故选B。

37.F 空前说要冷静,空后说了主动使自己冷静下来的方法,那么此处应该是说要让自己的怒气消失,应该试试一些方法,故选F。

38.G 根据空前的内容可知不要等别人来向你道歉,伤害你的人通常是不会道歉的,而且他们可能就是想伤害你,或者他们看问题的方式与你不同,后面又说原谅并不意味着你要和伤害过你的人重新成为朋友,只有G项能将前后内容联系到一起。

39.D 根据"If you understand your offender, you may realize that he or she was acting out of unawareness, fear, and even love."可知此处应该是尝试从冒犯者的角度去看待问题,故选D。

40.E 根据空前的"Don’t forget to forgive yourself."可知对一些人来说,原谅自己是最大的挑战,选E。

【文章大意】有时候生活中的诸多因素会给人们带来压力,让人心情沮丧。但是在困难的时候有很多方法可以帮助我们恢复原有的精神,�... 暂无 暂无 暂无 展开

高一英语必修二(人教版)之七选五分析 0

2020高考英语考前2周冲刺:七选五篇

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2020高考英语考前2周冲刺:七选五篇

二课后课时作业来自必修二课后课时作业

七选五对于高一学生来说不是一件很简单的事情,因为七选五考察的不仅仅是词汇的累积,更多的还是上下文的连接,整篇文章的紧密衔接,一旦把握不好上下语句的承接关系,很容易就在两个易混项之间选错。接下来咱们就针对这篇七选五一起来分析下吧。

首先把文章每个段落标清楚,即第一段,第二段,这样比较明确。然后快速看一下A到G七个句子,以及快速过一遍文章,就能大概了解到关于Average student普通学生,top student尖子生,make full use of和take advangage of利用时间,help with your studying帮助你的学习等这样的信息,就能知道文章大概是关于如何从一个普通学生通过各种方法来成为一个尖子生的。

第一段,往后看,也许你认为你永远不可能成为尖子生,但只要他/她想成为,任何人都能成为一个更好的学生。分析七个选项,我们可以看到最适合放在1处的就是E了-也许你是一个普通的学生,然后紧密连接文章下一句-可能你认为你不可能成为一名尖子生。

继续分析,第一段最后一句是Here is how,如下就是如何成为尖子生成为更好的学生需要做的事情了。所以这种结构类似于语文里学的总分结构。往往下面就是逐条分析了。

第二段小标题,仔细计划你的时间。计划你的学习时,给你要做的事情列一个清单,列完单子后,做一个时间表,拿小编自己初中时代的学习表来说,那时候每天放学回到家,我都会先在记事的小本子上把今天学习的每个科目写下来,要复习的写下来,然后挨个完成,完成后就打一个勾,这样时间久了,积累的知识也就多了,所以初中那时候总考我们普通班第一名,嘿嘿。回到文章里,安排好你的eating,sleeping,dressing,studying等,还有什么呢?不能只学习不玩啊?所以。第2个选项选C最合适,因为安排了所有的事情,就差entertainment娱乐这一项了,也就是既会学也会玩。

第三段,找一个好地方来学习。这个地方可以是桌子也可以是房间里的一个角落,什么都不放,除了学习材料。坐下来学习,集中注意力到这个学科上。

第四段,好好利用你在课堂上的时间。然后是3这个空句子,先往后看,说课堂上认真听意味着课下用的功夫就少一些了,所以3这里要写课上认真听老师讲,最合适的就是D了,利用课堂上的时间认真听老师讲的每一句话。

第五段,有规律的学习。当你放学回家后,复习笔记,看一遍老师第二天要在课堂上讨论的知识点,读那个相关的材料,跳过4这个空句,下一句是如果你有规律的这样做,材料就会变得更有意义,你学习的记忆就会变得更久。所以4这里为什么选A呢?A说这将帮助你理解下一堂课,也就是恰恰呼应了本段里review the points...teachcer will discuss the next day。能跟上小编的思路吗?

第六段,正确对待考试。一个测验是为了看看你对本学科掌握了多少,所以不必过于焦虑,考试不及格也不会是世界末日,但小编再加一句话--考的不好就要学会反思,毕竟是学生,任务就是学习,好成绩是家长们想要看到的。

最后一段,跳过5空句,看最后一句说尝试了这些方法以后,你可能会发现许多其他的方法。所以5那里最好的就是F了,这里有其他的方法帮助你的学习,呼应了最后一句的many others.

好了今天就分析到这里了。

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