高中英语期末60个必考知识点大汇总!

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末考试即将到来,今天为高一的同学准备了非常丰富和全面的备考资料——高一英语期末60个必考知识点大汇总!

1. be fond of “喜爱,爱好” 接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式。

He’s fond of swimming. 他喜欢游泳。

Are you fond of fresh vegetables. 你喜欢新鲜蔬菜吗?

He is fond of his research work. 他喜爱他的研究工作。

2. hunt for = look for 寻找

I have found the book I was hunting for.我找到了那本我在找的书。

hunt for a job 找工作

3. in order to/so as to:这两个词组都可引导不定式作目的状语, in order to可放于句首, so as to则不能, 其否定形式为in order not to / so as not to.

He went to Beijing in order / so as to attend an important meeting.

In order to be noticed, he shouted and waved to us.为了让我们注意他, 他朝我们又是叫喊又是挥手。

4. care about

1) 喜欢,对……有兴趣 = care for

She doesn’t care about money.她不喜欢钱。

2)关心 = care for

She thinks only of herself. She doesn’t care about other people.她只考虑自己。她不关心别人。

3)在乎,在意(接从句或不接任何成分)

These young people care nothing about what old people might say.

这些年轻人根本不在乎老人说的话。

5. such as 意为“诸如……”,“像……”,是用来列举人或事物的。

She teaches three subjects, such as physics and chemistry.她教三门科目,像物理、化学。

6. drop a line 留下便条, 写封短信

7. make yourself at home 别客气;随便;无拘束

If you get to my house before I do, help yourself to a drink and make yourself at home.如果你在我之前到我家,自己喝点饮料,随便一点。

8. stay up 不睡;熬夜

(1) I'll be late home, don't stay up for me.

我将回家很晚,不要等我了。

(2) He stayed up reading until 2:00 in the morning.

他熬夜看书直到凌晨两点。

9. come about 引起;发生;产生

(1)How did the accident come about?

这场事故是怎么发生的?

(2) They didn't know how the change had come about.

他们不知道这个变化是怎样产生的。

10. except for 除……之外

(1) except 与 except for 的用法常有区别。except 多用于引起同类事物中被排除的一项。如:

①He answered all the questions except the last one.

除去最后一个,他回答了所有问题。

②We go there every day except Sunday.

除了星期天,我们天天去那里。

(2)except for 用于引述细节以修正句子的主要意思。如:

①Except for one old lady, the bus was empty.

除去一个老太太,这辆公共汽车全空了。

②Your picture is good except for the colours.

你的画儿很好,只是某些色彩有问题。

(3)但在现代英语中,except for也用于表示except的意思。如上述第一个例子可以是:

He answered all the questions except for the last one.

(4) 另外,在介词短语之前只能用except,不能用except for。

We go to bed before ten, except in the summer.

除了夏季,我们通常十点之前上床睡觉。

11. end up with 以……告终;以……结束

The party ended up with an English song.聚会以一首英文歌结束。

12. more or less 几乎;差不多;大约;大概;大体上

(1) I've more or less succeeded, but they haven't.

我差不多成功了,而他们没有。

(2) Our living condition has more or less improved.

我们的生活水平或多或少提高了。

13. bring in 引进;引来;吸收

(1) We should bring in new technology.

我们应该引进新技术。

(2) He brings in 800 dollars a month.

他一个月挣八百美元。

14. get away(from) 逃离

(1)The thieves got away from the shop with all our money.

小偷带着我们所有的钱从商店逃跑了。

(2)I caught a really big fish but it got away.

我钓到了一条好大的鱼,可是它逃掉了。

15. watch out (for)注意;留心

(1)Watch out! There is a car coming.

小心!汽车来了。

(2)Watch out for the hole in the road.

留神路上的那个坑。

16. see sb. off 给某人送行

Tomorrow I will see my friend off at the railway station.

明天我到火车站给朋友送行。

17. on the other hand 另一方面(用以引出相互矛盾的观点、意见等,常说on the one hand …… on the other hand一方面……另一方面)

I know this job of mine isn't well paid, but on the other hand I don't have to work long hours.

我知道这份工作报酬不高,但从另一方面来说,我也不必工作太长时间。

18. as well as 和,还

He is a talented musician as well as being a photographer.

她不但是摄影师还是个天才的音乐家。

19. take place 发生

take one’s place 入座、站好位置、取得地位

take sb’s place 或take the place of 代替、取代

20. on fire 相当于burning, 意为“燃烧;着火;起火”,有静态的含意。catch fire有动态的含意。

set…on fire/set fire to…用来表示“使……着火”、“放火烧……”。

Look, the theatre is on fire! Let’s go and help.瞧,剧院着火了,咱们去帮忙救火吧。

21. on holiday 在度假,在休假中

When I was on holiday, I visited my uncle. 我在度假的时候去看望了叔叔。

22. travel agency旅行社

=travel bureau

23. take off

1)脱下(衣服等), 解(除)掉

He took off his wet shoes.他脱下了湿鞋子。

2)(飞机)起飞

The plane took off on time. It was a smooth take-off.飞机准时起飞。起飞非常顺利。

3)匆匆离开

The six men got into the car and took off for the park.这六个人上了车,匆匆离开去公园。

24. go wrong v. 走错路, 误入岐途, (机器等)发生故障

25. in all adv. 总共

26. stay away v.外出

27. look up 查询(如宾语为代词,则代词放中间)

Look up the word in the dictionary.在字典里查单词。

相关词组:look for 寻找;look after照顾,照料; look forward to期待;look into调查; look on旁观;look out注意;look out for注意,留心,提防;look over翻阅,查看,检查;look around环视;look through翻阅,查看。

28. run after 追逐,追求

If you run after two hares, you will catch neither.同时追两只兔子,你一只也抓不到。

29. on the air 广播

We will be on the air in five minutes.我们五分钟以后开始广播。

This programme comes on the air at the same time every day.这个节目每天在同一时间播出。

30. think highly/well/much of对……评价很高, 赞赏, 对……印象好

He was highly thought of by the manager.经理对他非常赞赏。

I think well of your suggestion.我觉得你的建议很好。

think badly/nothing/little/lowly of……认为不好, 好……不在意, 不赞成, 觉得……不怎么样

I don’t think much of him as a teacher.我觉得他作为一个老师不怎么样。

31. leave out

1) 漏掉 You made a mistake—You’ve left out a letter “t”.你出错了—你漏掉了一个字母t.

2) 删掉, 没用 I haven’t changed or left out a thing.我没有作出变动也没有删掉任何东西。

32. stare at (由于好奇、激动等张着嘴巴,睁大眼睛地)凝视,盯着看

Don’t stare at foreigners. It’s impolite.不要盯着外国人看,这样不礼貌。

比较:glare at (to stare angrily at)怒视着

这两个小男孩互相怒视着,随时准备开战。

33. make jokes about 就……说笑

They make jokes about my old hat.他们就我的旧帽子说笑我。

have a joke with … about…跟某人开关于某事的玩笑。

He stopped to have a joke with me.他停下来跟我开玩笑。

play a joke on…开某人的玩笑

We played jokes on each other. 我们互相开玩笑。

v. joke about 取笑 They joked about my broken English.他们取笑我蹩脚的英。

34. take over 接管;接替;继承

what is good and still useful should be taken over.好的有用的东西应当继承。

Our chairman has left, so Jack will take over (his job).我们的主席走了,因此杰克将接管(他的工作)。

35. break down

1) 破坏;拆散

Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.

人体中的化学元素把食物分解成有用的物质。

The peace talks are said to have broken down. (喻)据说和谈破裂了。

2)(机器)损坏 Our truck broke down outside town. 我们的卡车在城外抛锚了。

The car broke down halfway to the destination.汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。

3) 失败;破裂 Their opposition broke down.他们的反对意见打消了。

4) 精神崩溃;失去控制 He broke down and wept. 他不禁失声痛哭。

5) 起化学变化 Food is broken down by chemicals. 化学物质引起食物转化。

36. get on one’s feet

1)站起来;站起来发言

2)(=stand on one's feet)自立, 经济上独立

3)(人)病好了, 可以起床了; (使)恢复, 复苏(指企业)

37. go through

1) 经历;经受;遭到

These countries have gone / been through too many wars.这些国家饱经战火。

2) 完成;做完 I didn't want to go through college.我不想上完大学。

3)通过;批准 The law has gone through Parliament. 议会已经通过了这项法案。

Their plans went through. 他们的计划得到了批准。

4)全面检查;搜查

They went through our luggage at the customs.在海关他们检查了我们的行李。

38.take over 接管;接替;继承

what is good and still useful should be taken over.好的有用的东西应当继承。

Our chairman has left, so Jack will take over (his job).我们的主席走了,因此杰克将接

管(他的工作)。

39. break down

1) 破坏;拆散

Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.

人体中的化学元素把食物分解成有用的物质。

The peace talks are said to have broken down. (喻)据说和谈破裂了。

2)(机器)损坏 Our truck broke down outside town. 我们的卡车在城外抛锚了。

The car broke down halfway to the destination.汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。

3) 失败;破裂 Their opposition broke down.他们的反对意见打消了。

4) 精神崩溃;失去控制 He broke down and wept. 他不禁失声痛哭。

5) 起化学变化 Food is broken down by chemicals. 化学物质引起食物转化。

40. “So + be/have/助动词/情态动词+主词”的结构。此结构中的语序是倒装的,“So”代替上句中的某个成分。如果上面一句是否定句,则使用“Neither/Nor+be/have/助动词/情态动词+主语”的结构。

He’s tired,and so am I.(=I’ m also tired.)

You can swim,and so can I.(=I can also swim.)

She has had supper,and so can I.(=I’ve had lunch,too.)

Tom speaks English,and so does his sister.(=His sister speaks English,too.)

A: I went to the park yesterday.

B: So did I.(=I also went to the park yesterday.)

41.“So +主语+be/have/助动词/情态动词”结构中的主谓是正常语序,so相当于indeed,certainly,表示说话人对前面或对方所说情况的肯定、赞同或证实,语气较强,意思是“确实如此”。

A:It was cold yesterday.昨天很冷。

B:So it was.的确如此。(=Yes,it was.)

A:You seem to like sports.

B:So I do.(=Yes,I do.)

A:It will be fine tomorrow.

B:So it will.(=Yes ,it will.)

42.“主语+do/does/did + so”结构指的是按上句的要求做了。此句型中do so代替上文中要求做的事,以免重复。

My Chinese teacher told me to hand in my composition on time and I did so.(=I handed inmy composition on time.) 语文老师叫我按时交作文, 我照办了。

43. So it is with…或 It is the same with…句型表示 “……(的情况)也是如此。”当前面的句子中有几种不同形式的谓语时,要表示相同情况,必须使用本句型,不能使用so 引起的倒装句。

She doesn’t play the piano, but she likes singing. So it is with my sister.

44. There you are. 行了,好。 这是一句表示一种事情告一段落或有了最终结果的用语。

There you are! Then let's have some coffee.

除此之外,还可以表示“瞧,对吧(果然如此)”的语气。

There you are! I knew we should find it at last.

对吧!我就知道我们最终能找到的。

45. have some difficulty (in) doing sth. 干某事有困难;接名词时,常用句型:have some difficulty with sth.

①Do you have any difficulty (in) understanding English?

你理解英语口语有困难吗?

②She said she had some difficulty with pronunciation.

她说她在发音方面有困难。

46. have a good knowledge of sth. “掌握……”,“对……有某种程度的了解”

①He has a good knowledge of London.

他对伦敦有所了解。

②A good knowledge of languages is always useful.

47. Wei Bin took out some peanuts and it was fun to see the monkey eat from his hand.魏彬拿出一些花生。看着猴子从他手上吃花生,很有趣。

fun “好玩,趣事”,不可数名词,前面不加不定冠词a。

You’re sure to have some fun at the party tonight. 今天晚上你肯定会玩得很开心。

make fun of“取笑”,“嘲弄”。People make fun of him only because he is wearing such a

strange jacket.人们嘲笑他只是因为他穿了一件那么奇怪的衣服。

funny adj. “可笑的,滑稽的”。He looks very funny in his father’s jacket.他穿着他父亲

的衣服,看上去很滑稽。

48. It is polite to finish eating everything on your plate.把你盘子里所有东西吃完是有礼貌的。

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高中英语改错高频考点全在这啦,短文改错不再丢分! 0

高中英语期末60个必考知识点大汇总!

罗雪晴

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短文改错,既考查学生对语法和词汇知识的掌握,又考查学生的阅读理解能力。

考查内容有:词法错误,句法错误和行文逻辑错误。

小Tips:

1 名词的单复数 有时候也考所有格

2 动词时态(一般是现在时和过去时的互改)

3 形容词和副词的互换(形容词修饰名词,副词修饰动词。而且形容词一般有-ly的后缀,就算不知道句意,看句子结构也可以改)

4 连接词 (一看是否有转折意味,and but meanwhile however 之类的互换 二看是否存在两个单独句子,那么之间要加连接词,一般都是and 三是有的词组之间and or 的互换,一般肯定and否定or)

5 冠词 (一考元音音素,a和an的互换 二是an或a与the的互换,特指用the 三是有的固定搭配 比如说 there was a time when就只能用a )

6介词 这个多的是固定搭配,要积累

7副词 (有时候会考as副词或形容词原型as)

8形容词(-ing与-ed 比如interesting interested前者是令人激动的 后者是感到激动的)

9代词(这个就是上下文逻辑的推理了)

其他的记不太清了,说点一些小的易考点

10逗号后面that改为which 非限制性定语从句

11the other=another

12注意比较级和最高级,有时候要互换,有时候最高级前面加the

13动词做主语,主动的-ing被动的-ed

那么详细来讲,英文改错无非就这几个考点:

一、动词与非谓语动词改错

二、名词、形容词、副词改错

三、代词、冠词改错

四、连词、介词改错

下面会为各位同学逐一讲解,帮助各位同学短文改错不丢分。

高考英语,不过这一些考点:

一、动词与非谓语改错。

1.动词常见的错误类型:

①一般现在时与一般

高中英语期末60个必考知识点大汇总!

过去时错用

② 连词前后动词时态一致

③主谓不一致

④主动语态和被动语态错用

⑤ 缺少动词,特别是be 动词

2.非谓语动词常见错误

①动词不定式“to” 错用

②过去分词和现在分词的错用

③不定式与动词-ing 的错用

④非谓语动词与谓语动词的错用

1.名词的常见错误:

①单复数名词错用

2016 (全国卷III )

The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most and difficult time for me .

答案解析:由句中from 13 to 19可知,13岁到19岁不止一年的年龄差,此处为复数概念。答案:year改为years.

2016年浙江卷

When I was a very young children ,my father created a regular practice I remember well years later.

答案解析:根据句意可知,主语 I 是单数,children 是复数。答案 :children改为child.

②可数名词与不可数名词的错用

2016 (全国卷II )

If we go on a trip abroad ,we can broaden our view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books.

答案解析:knowledges 为不可数名词,没有复数形式。答案:knowledges 改为knowledge 。

③ 名词与形容词的错用

2016年 ( 全国卷 I )

My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest .

答案解析: honest 为形容词,根据语意“我叔叔告诉我他成功的关键在于诚实”,可知,此处用名词形式做表语。答案:honest 改为honesty.

④名词与名词的所有格错用

2011年全国卷

When I finally arrived at my friend he lent me lots of clothes .

答案解析:根据语义,“当我最后到达我朋友的家时......”这里是指朋友的家,因此friend 改为 friend’s .

2.形容词和副词常见错误

① 系动词后用形容词

常见的系动词有4类.

状态类:be , seem , appear;

感觉类:look , sound , feel,smell,taste;

变化类:become ,turn , go, get等;

保持状态类:keep, remain, stay等。

2016 ( 全国卷III )

I even felt my parents conldn’t understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them.

答案解析:系动词be后应是形容词做表语,freely 为副词。答案:freely 改为free.

2014 四川卷

Don’t panic or get out of line , and try to remain quiet and calmly.

答案解析: remain为系动词,后接形容词做表语,calmly为副词。答案: calmly改为calm.

② 词性的误用

形容词修饰名词或者代词,在句中充当定语。副词修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子,在句中做状语。

2016 (全国卷I )

Instead , he hopes that our business will grow steady.

答案解析:根据句子结构分析,grow 为动词,修饰动词用副词,steady 为形容词。答案: steady改为 steadily 。

2015 (全国卷I)

Lots of studies have shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem.

答案解析:根据句子结构判断,要用形容词修饰名词 problem. seriously 为副词。答案:seriously 要改为serious.

③ 比较级,最高级的误用

They were also the best and worse years in my life .

答案解析:句中有表示范围的 in my life ,同时应与前面的best 保持一致, worse 为比较级,要改为最高级worst.答案:worse 改为 worst.

2016 四川卷

The dishes that I cooked were Mom’s favoritest.

答案解析:favorite 为无等级形容词,本意为“最喜欢的”.答案:favoritlest 改为favorite.

三、代词、冠词的常见错误

1.代词的常见错误:

①代词的指代错误

代词指代错误是代词的指代对象,代词的性别,单复数及代词的格与文章的逻辑意义不一致。举例如下:

2016(全国卷Ⅰ)

Instead , he hopes that our business will grow steadily .

答案解析: 根据上下文逻辑意义,应是“他的”公司, 指代对象错误。答案: our改为 his

2016 浙江卷

Every time he arrived home at the end of the day , we’d greet her at the door.

答案解析: he arrived home 可知,性别指代错误。答案: her 改为 him。

He closed his ears to the sound of the lunch bell and refused to go to the place where people had his dinner when dinner time came.

答案解析: 根据句子结构分析,people 是复数。答案:his 改为 their。

2013全国卷Ⅰ

He had a deep voice , which set himself apart form others in our small town , and he was strong and powerful .

答案解析: 根据句子结构分析,which 引导定语从句, 先行词是 a deep voice ,根据句意,浑厚的声音使他与他人不同。答案:himself 改为 him。

②反身代词的错用

2016 (全国卷Ⅲ)

At first , I thought I knew evenything and could make decisions by yourself .

答案解析:根据句子结构分析,句子的主语是 I 。答案:yourself 改为 myself。

③多代词或少代词

2015 (全国卷Ⅱ)

Five minutes later , Tony saw parents.

答案解析: 根据句意,这里特指 Tony 的父母。答案: parents 前面加 his。

④不定代词的错用

2015 全国卷Ⅰ

Much rare animals are dying out .

答案解析: animals 为可数名词, much 修饰不可数名词。答案: much 改为 many。

2014 陕西卷

My uncles immediately jumped up and shot their arrows at the bird . Necther of the arrows hit the target .

答案解析: 代词 neither 表示两者都不...... , 而本句的意思是有很多箭,因此使用none,表示三者或者三者以上的全部否定 。答案:neither改为 none。

2.冠词的常见错误

①不定冠词 a 和 an 的误用

2014 辽宁卷

Besides , Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day .

答案解析:average 是以元音发音开头的单词,要使用 an .答案: a 改为 an

②不定冠词a/an和定冠词the 的误用

2016 (全国卷Ⅰ)

My uncle says that he never dreams of becoming rich in the short period of time .

答案解析:“the”表特指,“a/an”表泛指,此处表泛指,用不定冠词a . In a short period of time 意为 “短期内”。 答案:the 改为 a 。

2015 ( 全国卷Ⅱ)

A woman saw him crying and told him to visit outside a shop .

答案解析:根据句意,shop 指上文提到的 shopping center ,表特指。答案:a 改为 the .

③ 多冠词或少冠词

2016( 全国卷Ⅱ )

But in that case , we will learn a little about world.

答案解析:根据句意,特指我们所生活的这个世界。答案:world 前加 the .

At the first , I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by myself .

答案解析: at first 为固定短语, 意为“起初,开始” 。答案: 删掉the

四、连词、介词的常见错误

1. 连词的错误

连词分为并列连词和从属连词,并列连词有表关联(and),转折(but/ however),选择(or), 因果关系(so / therefore)等。从属连词主要考查定语从句,名词性从句与状语从句的连接词。

1)并列连词的误用

Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are used for cooking .

答案解析:根据句意可知,fresh vegetables 和 high quality 为并列关系,而非转折关系。答案: or 改为and.

2016年四川卷

Mom has a full - time job , so she has to do most of the housework.

答案解析:根据语意,前后句之间为转折关系。答案: so 改为 but.

2) 从属连词的误用

①定语从句关系词的误用

定语从句关系词分为 关系代词和关系副词。关系代词是定语从句中缺少主语、宾语、表语、定语时,用that/ which/ who/ whose ; 不缺少以上成份时,就用关系副词 when/ where/ why .介词后面用 which /whom .

The dishes what I cooked were Mom’s favorite.

答案解析:根据句子结构分析,考查定语从句,从句中缺少宾语. 先行词 the dishes 指物,所以 what 改为 that /which . 另外,在定语从句中,宾语可以省去,所以what也可以省去。答案:what 改为 that / which或省去。

②名词性从句连词的误用

名词性从句的连词分为连接词that / whether / if ;连接代词 who / whoever , whom / whomever, what /whatever .which /whichever ,whose ; 连接副词 where(ver) / when (ever) how(ever)/ why 等,从句中缺少主语、宾语、表语,就用连接代词 ; 不缺少以上成份,句子意思完整就用 that , 不完整就用 whether /if 或其它连接副词。

My uncle is the owner of a restaurant to that I live .

答案解析: 根据句子结构可知, 介词 to 后为宾语从句,从句谓语live 是不及物动词,因此将that 改为 where ,在宾语从句中做状语。答案: that 改为 where .

2015 ( 全国卷II )

After looking at the toy for some time ,he turned around and found where his parents were missing .

答案解析: 根据句子结构分析,found后接宾语从句,语意完整 。答案: where 改为 that 或删去where .

③ 状语从句连词的误用

状语从句分为时间、地点、原因、条件、让步、目的、结果、比较、方式等,要根据语义判断上下文的逻辑关系确定其连词。

2015 年陕西卷

My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up .

答案解析: 根据句意, 我唯一的错误是我将它们打包的时候误掉在地上。考查时间状语从句连词的误用。答案: after 改为 when或 while.

④ 强调句连接词的误用

判断强调句型:“it is ... that”去掉,是完整句。

It was a year ago when John got a bike for Christmas , and he rode it every day .

答案解析:这里考查强调句,去掉 “it was ... that”, 句子完整。答案: when 改为 that .

上面是连词的常见错误,以下是介词的常见错误:

2. 介词的错误

介词常见的错误主要是考查词组中介词的误用,介词意义理解偏差,介词的多用和少用。

Now I am leaving home to colldge.

答案解析: 固定词组 leave ...for 表示“离开某地去某地”。 答案: to 改为for .

2015 (全国卷II )

Tony saw a toy on a shop window.

答案解析:根据句意,Tony 在商店里看到了一个玩具。“在里面”要用介词 in. 答案:on 改为 in.

Dad cleaned the house , and then went on shopping.

答案解析: 固定词组 go shopping 表示 “去购物”。答案: 去掉介词on .

My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in a short period of time .

答案解析: dream of doing sth是固定搭配,意为“梦想做某事”。答案:在becoming 前加介词of.

以上是高考英语短文改错的所有考点,能看到看到这里,说明你不仅爱学习,而且有毅力。优秀的的,英语成绩一定会提高的!

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