初三英语全一册(人教版)第9单元重点语法

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所属分类:英语培训知识

一般现在时:经常或习惯性的动作或者状态

结构:主语+动词原形/动词现三单形式 +宾语

I like apples 我喜欢苹果 He likes apples 他喜欢苹果

标志词:everyday 每天,usually 通常,always 一直,sometimes 有时,often经常

动词现三单变化的规则:

一般+s , 例如:play---plays

以sh,ch,x,s 结尾加es ,例如;wash—washes ,fix---fixes,pass---passes,catch---catches

以辅音+y 结尾,去掉y + ies ,例如:study ---studies

2,一般过去时:过去经常或者习惯性的动作或状态

结构:动词过去式+宾语

标志词:yesterday(昨天) ,last+时间(上一个。。),just now (刚才),ago(以前)

I played football yesterday 我昨天踢足球

动词过去式的变化规则:

一般+ed , play –played

以辅音字母+y结尾,去掉 y 为ied , study—studied

以重读闭音节结尾,双鞋最后一个辅音字母节加ed(三明治结尾),stop—stopped

以不发音的e结尾 +d ,move—moved

不规则动词过去式表格:

3,现在进行时:此时此刻正在进行的动作或者状态

结构:Be(am,is ,are)+动词ing(现在分词)

标志词:now(现在) ,at the moment(此刻),at once (立刻),right away(立刻)

He is reading ,now 他现在正在阅读

现在分词(动词ing)的变化规则

一般+ing ,play—playing

以不发音e 结尾,去掉e +ing, ride---riding

3,以重读闭音节结尾(三明治结尾),双鞋最后一个辅音字母+ing, stop—stopping

以ie结尾,改为y+ing ,例如:lie—lying ,die—dying,tie—tying,

一般将来时:将要发生的动作或者状态

结构: will/ shall(第一人称疑问句)+动词原形

Be going to +动词原形

标志词:tomorrow 明天,next +时间(下一个。。。),in +时间段(在。。。之后),following +时间(接下来的。。。)

I will go to school tomorrow 我将要明天去上学

Shall I go to school tomorrow 我明天将要去上学?

Shall we go shopping tomorrow ?我们明天将要去购物?

I am going to play football next week 我下周将要去踢足球

5,过去进行时:过去某时,某段时间正在进行的动作或者状态

结构:Be(were,was)+动词ing(动词现在分词)

标志词:at that moment 在那个时刻, at seven yesterday evening 昨天晚上七点(过去某个时刻),

He was reading books at t

初三英语全一册(人教版)第9单元重点语法

hat moment 在那个时刻,他正在读书

现在完成时:过去的动作,对现在造成的影响

结构:have /has +动词过去分词

标志词: already 已经(肯定句),yet,还没有(否定句,疑问句),never从不,ever曾经,for +时间段,完成时 +since +过去时,

I have already finished my work我已经完成了我的工作

过去我分词的常规变化和过去式是一样的。

7,过去完成时:过去的过去发生的动作,对过去发生的影响

结构:had +动词过去分词

标志词 :by the time 在。。。之前 ,其他的标志词和现在完成时一样

By the time I got there ,The car had gone 在我到达那里之前,小汽车已经离开了

8,过去将来时:过去将来时:过去对将来的打算

结构:would +动词原形 ,were+宾语

例如:I would help you, if I were (过去将来时里,没有was形式,因为是一个比拟,猜测)a rich man。如果我是一个有钱人,我会帮助你的

If I had done it ,I would be successful 如果我已经做到了,我将会成功

9,被动语态:Be +done (动词过去分词)

一般现在时:am/is/are +done(动词过去分词) It is played

一般过去时:was/were+done(动词过去分词) It was played

一般将来时: will be done(动词过去分词) It will be played

Be going to be done (动词过去分词),It is going to be played

现在进行时:Be(am/is/are)+being done(动词过去分词) It is being played

过去进行时:Be(was/were)+being done(动词过去分词) ,It was being played

现在完成时:have/has been done(动词过去分词) ,It has been played

过去完成时:had been done(动词过去分词) It had been played

过去将来时: would be done(动词过去分词), It would be played

情态动词: 情态动词 +be +done(动词过去分词) It can be played

宾语从句:从句在复合句中做宾语,(连接词通常在动词后面),

I know that you are right 我知道你是对的

I don’t know if you are right 我不知道你是否是正确的

I want to know where I can find the bookstore 我想要知道我在哪里能找到书店

I want to know when I can go to school 我想要知道什么时候我能去上学

I don’t know which one is yours 我不知道哪一个是你的

I want to know what it is 我想要知道它是什么

I want to know who he is 我想要知道他是谁

He didn’t know the earth is round 他不知道地球是圆的 (事实真理,时态要用一般现在时)

I wanted to know how you got it 我想要知道你是如何得到它的。

,11,情态动词的用法

Must he do it ?他必须做? Yes, he must 是的,他必须,No,he needn’t 不,他不需要,=No,he doesn’t have to

Maybe (句首),may be (句中)也许

Maybe you are right 也许你是对的。 You may be right 你也许是对的

May I hug him ?我能拥抱他么?Yes ,he can 是的,他能,No,he can’t 不,他不能

Could you give me a pen =Can you give me a pen ?你能给我一支钢笔么?

Imight(may的过去式)help you 我有可能帮助你

,12,定语从句:从句在复合句中充当定语

连接词: 人用(who),whom(宾语),(连接词替代从句中的内容),

物用which(主语和宾语),that用在人和物,宾语全部要省略

不定代词和最高级在修饰先行词时,必须用that

Whose 用在定语时,后面是名词,地点出现介词+名词(介宾结构)要用where

时间出现介词+名词(介宾结构)要用when

I see a man who is tall 我看见一个高高的男人

I see a man whom /that(省略) you are talking with 我看见一个和你聊天的男人

I see a table that /which is clean我看见一张干净的桌子。

I see a table which/that(省略) you are cleaning 我看见一张你在清扫的桌子

I know a school which/that(省略) you visited last year 我知道一个你去年拜访过的学校

You visited the school

主 谓 宾

The only thing that you have to do is reading 你不得不做得唯一一件事情就是阅读

The best man that is tall can speak English 那个高高的男人能说英语

I know a school where you studied 我知道一个你学习过的学校

=I know a school in which you studied

You studied in the school

主语 谓语 (状语,介词加名词,介宾结构)

I know a day when we met =I know a day on which we met 我知道我们相遇的一天

We met on the day

主语 谓语 (状语,介词加名词,介宾结构)

13,动词不定式:

It is good to speak English 说英语是很好的

(主语 )

My work is to help you 我的工作就是去帮助你

(表语 )

I want to help you 我想要帮助你

(宾语)

I ask you to read books 我叫你去阅读书籍

(补语)

I have something to eat我有一些吃的东西

(定语)

,14,动名词

Reading is good for us阅读对我们是很好的

(主语)

My work is reading,now我的工作现在就是阅读书籍

(表语)

I stop watching TV我停止观看电视

(宾语)

It is an exciting movie 它是一部令人兴奋的电影

(定语)

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