英语常见常考短语(B)

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所属分类:英语培训知识

1.be after寻找,追踪,追求

2.be /act against 违背,违反,反对

3.be from 从……来,是……人

4.be next to 在……隔壁,紧挨着……

5.be off / leaving 离开

6.be out (灯火)熄灭,(人)外出

7.be out of 没有,用完

8.be up 起床

9.be up against 面对

10.be up to sb 由某人决定

11.be up to sth 忙于某事,从事于

12.be upon 逼近,临近

13.be anxious about …为……而忧虑/着急/担心

(比较:be anxious for … 渴望,非常希望)

14.be concerned about / for… 为……而忧虑/着急/担心

15.be concerned about / with… 对……关切/关注/感兴趣)

16.be careful about / of / with sth 注意,留意,当心

[比较:be careful (not) to do sth 小心(不)做某事]

17.be clear about 对……清楚

18.be crazy about 对……着迷

19.be curious about = have the curiosity about 对……感到好奇

20.be excited about 对…… 感到兴奋

21.be particular about 对……挑剔

22.be amazed at 为……感到惊讶

23.be experienced at 对……有经验

24.be present at 出席

25.be shocked at 对……感到震惊

26.be common for 对……来说是很普通的

27.be eager for … = long for… = be dying for… 渴望得到……

(比较:be eager to do sth 急着想做某事)

28.be famous for 因……而闻名,由于……而出名

(比较:be famous as 作为……而闻名

29.be famous to 对……来说很出名)

30.be fit for = be suitable for 适合

31.be good / bad for sb 对……有好处/坏处

(比较:be good at 善于……,擅长于……,在……方面做得好)

32.be good to sb 对某人友好

33.do good to sb = do sb good 对某人有好处

34.do harm to sb = do sb harm = harm sb = be harmful to sb 对某人有害,伤害某人

35.be honored for… 因……受到尊敬 be intended for 为了

36.e late for 迟到(比较:be late with sth 某事做得晚)

37.be to blame for 因……受到责备

38.be carved in rock 被刻在岩石上

39.be caught in (a rain / a traffic jam / the earthquake) 突然/偶然遇到(雨/交通堵塞/地震)

40.be confident in 在……方面自信

41.be effective in 在……方面有效

42.be fluent in (a language) 在(某一门语言)方面很流利

43.be lost in = lose oneself in 沉浸于,沉醉于be poor / low in 在……方面不足 be quick in mind and action 思维敏捷行动迅速

44.be rich / high in 在……方面丰富

45.be set in 以……为背景

46.be strong in heart and mind 意志坚强,头脑聪明

47.be trapped in 被困在…… (比较:be trapped by 被……所困)

48.be afraid of = be terrified of 害怕,恐惧(比较:be afraid to do 害怕去做,不敢做)

49.be ashamed of 为……感到羞愧/惭愧

50.be aware of 意识到,知道

51.be fond of = care for = like = enjoy 爱好,喜欢

52.be full of = be filled with 充满了,装满

53.be jealous of 嫉妒

54.be short of = be lacking in 缺乏,缺少

55.be sure of / about 对……有把握

56.be uncertain of / about 对……没把握

57.be accustomed to (doing) sth 习惯于……

58.be addicted to 沉溺于

59.be loyal to = be faithful to = be devoted to 忠诚于

60.be opened to 向……开放

61.be reduced to 30% 减少到百分之30%(指最后的结果)

[比较:be reduced by 30% 减少了百分之30%(指与原来相对而言)]

62.be similar to 与……相似,与……相像

63.be angry with sb for sth 因某事生某人的气

64.be armed with 以……武装

65.be burdened with 为……所累

66.be busy with sth 忙于某事 (比较:be busy doing sth 忙于做某事)

67.be occupied with sth 忙于某事

68.be occupied in doing sth 忙于做某事)

69.be covered with / by 被……所覆盖

70.be crowded with 挤/塞满了……

71.be diagnosed with 被诊断为

72.be equipped with 具有,装有……设备,为……做好准备

73.be faced with 面临……,面对……

74.be familiar with 对……很熟悉

75.be fed up with 对……感到厌倦

76.be honest with 对……诚实

77.be mean with 对……吝啬

78.be pleased / satisfied

英语常见常考短语(B)

with 对……感到满意

(比较:be content with 对……感到满意,满足于……)

79.be content to do sth 愿意做某事)

80.be popular with 受到……的欢迎

81.be pressed with 被刻印/铸压上

82.be strict with sb 对某人严格要求 (比较:be strict in sth 对某事严格要求)

83.be surrounded with / by 被……围绕

84.be about to do sth 正要做某事

85.be delighted to do sth 高兴做某事

86.be determined to do = determine / decide to do sth 决心做……

87.be due to do sth 预定/到期应该做某事 (比较:due to sth 因为/由于……)

88.be forced to do sth 被迫做某事

89.be free to do sth 任意去做,悉听尊便

90.be likely to do sth 很有可能做某事

91.be supposed to do 被认为/被期望/应该做某事

92.be willing to do = like to do 愿意做某事

93.be able to do 能,会

94.be absent from 缺席,旷课

95.be asleep 睡着(比较:be awake 醒着)

96.be awarded a Nobel Prize 获得诺贝尔奖

97.be badly off 潦倒,贫困(比较:be well off 富有)

98.be badly treated 受到虐待

99.be born 出生,出世

100.be / become endangered 频临危险

101.be in contact with 与……有交往 (比较:make contact with 与……联络)

lose / break contact with 与……失去联系

lose touch with = be out of touch with 与……失去联系

be in touch with = stay / keep in touch with 与……保持联系

get in touch with = get into contact with sb 与……取得联系

bring … into touch with 使……接触,使……认识

keep track of… 与……保持联系,了解……的动态,记录……)

102.be in possession of = take possession of 持有,拥有,占有,占领

(比较:be in sb’s possession = be in the possession of sb 被某人占有/拥有 come into sb’s possession 被某人占有/拥有)

103.be in the charge of 在某人的掌管下,由某人经营/照顾

(比较:be in charge of 掌管,管理,照顾)

104.be mentally disturbed 精神失常

105.be of benefit 有利的,有好处的

106.be of (no) effect 有(无)效

107.be of different sizes / weights / shapes 大小不一/重量不同/形状各异

( 比较:be of the same size / weight / shape 大小/重量/形状相同)

108.be of great importance / value 非常重要,有重要性

109.be of high / good quality 高质量的(比较be of poor quality 质量糟糕的) be of (no) use 有(无)用

110.be on good terms (with sb) 与某人关系好

111.be stressed out 紧张的,有压力的

112.be upset 沮丧,伤心

113.be well received 很受欢迎

114.be (well) worth doing(很)值得做

[比较:be worthy of sth / of being done / to be done 值得(做)……]

115.by accident = by chance 偶然地, 碰巧,意外

116.by air / boat / bus / train 乘坐飞机/小船/公共汽车/火车

117.by and by 不久以后,逐渐地

118.by appointment 按约定

119.by choice 出于选择(比较:for choice 要选就选)

120.by day / night 白天/ 晚上

121.by fax 通过传真

122.by force 靠武力

123.by hand = with one’s hands 手工

124.by law 根据法律

125.by mail 通过邮寄

126.by means of (doing) sth 通过,借助于……手段

(比较:by all means = in all ways 不惜一切

127.by no means = in no way 决不,一点也不

128.by this means = in this way 用这种方法)

129.by mistake = in error 由于错误或疏忽,错误地

130.by weight 按重量计算(比较:by the hour / day 按小时/天计算)

131.by the end of 到……结束为止,到……底为止

132.by the nearest exit 从最近的出口出去

133.by the side of 在……附近

134.by the time 到……的时候(后接状语从句)

135.by the way 顺便说,顺便问一下

[ 比较:by way of … 经由,经过, 通过……的方法

136..base on sth 以……为基础(比较:be based on / upon 以……为基础) beg for 乞求

137.become of 发生……情况,怎么啦

138.believe in 信赖,信任,信仰 (真理,宗教,原则),支持,赞成

139.bend over 弯腰,俯身

140.benefit from = profit by / from 从……吸取教训,从……中获益

141.blow away 吹走

blow out 吹灭

blow the fire off 熄火,把火吹灭

142.brush one’s teeth 刷牙

143.build up 逐步建立,增进,增加,加强,扩大

144.burden sb / oneself with sth 加负担于某人 / 自己

145.burn down 烧毁,烧成平地

burn down… to the ground 把……烧成平地

burn up 消耗,烧掉

146.burst into 闯入,突然破门而入

burst into sth = burst out doing 迸发,突然而猛烈地产生某种情况

burst into laughter = burst out laughing 突然大笑起来

burst into tears 眼泪夺眶而出

burst into cheers 突然欢呼

尽请期待英语常见常考短语(C)

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