如： Cats eat fish.（主动语态）猫吃鱼。
Fish is eaten by cats. (被动语态)鱼被猫吃。
助动词be 有人称、数和时态的变化，其变化规则与be 作为连系动词时完全一样。
如：English is spoken in in many countries.
This bridge was built in 1989.
The work must be done right now.
2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事（主动语态）如：
Mother allows me to watch TV every night.
be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事（被动语态）如：
LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou.
3. get sth. done(过去分词) 让/使（别人）做某事
have sth. done 某事被做；遭受
如：I get my car made. = I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车
4. enough 足够
形容词＋enough 如：beautiful enough 足够漂亮
enough＋名词 如：enough food 足够食物
enough to 足够…去做… 如：
I have enough money to go to Beijing.
She is old enough to go to school.
5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事
Please stop speaking.请停止说话。
stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事
Please stop to speak.
6. sb. seem to do sth. 看起来好像…
it seems that +从句
He seems to feel very sad.
It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。
7. 系动词不能独立作谓语，要和表语一起构成谓语。常用的连系动词有：look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。连系动词除be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外，一般都是接形容词。 如：
They are very happy.
He became a doctor two years ago.
She felt very tired.
She is a student. So am I.
She went to school just now. So did I .
She has finished the work. So have I .
She will go to school. So will he.
9. yet 仍然，还 常用在否定句或疑问句当中
Already 已经 常用在肯定句中（两者常与完成时连用）
10. stay up 熬夜
如：I often stay up until 12:00pm.
11. clean up 打扫 ，整理
如：I have cleaned up the bedroom. 我已经打扫完了卧室。
12. 程度副词：always总是 usually经常 sometimes有时 never从不 sometimes=at times ; some times 几次
如：I am always/usually/sometimes/never late for school.
Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.
14. go shopping(去购物), go fishing(去钓鱼), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去划船), go hiking(去登山), go trekking(去徒步)
15. be strict with sb. 对某人严厉
be strict in sth. 对某事严格
如：Mother is strict with her son.
16. take the test 参加考试
pass the test 通过考试
fail a test 考试失败
17. the other day 前几天
18. agree 同意
agree with sb 同意某人
agree on sth 就某事达成一致意见
19. both…and… +动词复数形式
如： Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.
20. learn (sth.) from sb. 向谁学习(什么)
如：Jim learnt English from his English teacher.
21. have an opportunity to do sth. 有机会做某事
have a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事
如：I have an opportunity to go to Beijing.
I have a chance of going to Beijing.
22. at present 目前
23. at least 至少
at most 最多
24. 花费 take ,cost, spend , pay
sth. take (sb.) time to do sth. It took (me) 10days to read the book.
sth. cost (sb.) …… The book cost (me) 100yuan.
sb. spend … on sth. She spent 10days on this book.
sb. spend …doing sth. She spent 10days reading this book.
sb. pay … for sth. She paid 10yuan for this book.
25. havetake +时间段+off 放假，休息
如：have 2 days off teacheray
26. reply to 答复某人
如：She replayed to MrGreen.
27. agree with sth.sb 同意某事或某人
如：I agree with that idea.
agree to sb. 同意某人的意见
如：I agree to LiLei.
28. get in the way of 碍事，妨碍
如： Her social life got in the way of her studies.
29. success n. 成功
30. think about 与think of 的区别
I often think about/ of that day.
②think about 还有“考虑”之意 ，think of 想到、想出时两者不能互用
At last, he thought of a good idea.
We are thinking about going Qinzhou.
31. 对… 热衷， 对…兴趣
be serious about doing
如：She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞热衷。
be serious about sth.
如：She is serious about him. 她对他感兴趣。
32. practice doing 练习做某事
She often practice speaking English.
33. care about sb. 关心某人
如：Mother often care about her son.
试比较take care of look after 照顾
Care for 照顾；喜欢想要
34. also 也 用于句中
too 也 用于肯定句且用于句末
I am also a student. 我也是一个学生
I am a student too. 我也是一个学生。
I am not a student either. 我也不是一个学生。