初三英语上册语法,人教版九年级上册英语课文原文

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初三英语上册语法

定语从句由关系代词who、whom、whose、which、what、as和关系副词where、when、why等引导,但须记住:
1.what不能引导定语从句.
2.关系词的剖析须斟酌它在定语从句中的成分。
一.指人的关系代词有who、whose、whom、that. 试剖析:
The old man who/whom /that we visited yesterday is a famous artist.
Miss Wang is taking care of the child whose parents have gone to Beijing .
The man with whom my father shook hands just now is our headmaster. (=The man who/whom that my father shook hands with just now is our headmaster.)注:
A. 指人时有时只用who不宜用that。
1.先行词为one、ones或anyone
(1)The comrade I want to learn from is the one who studies hard and works hard.
(2)Anyone who breaks the law should be punished.
2.先行词为these时
These who are going to Beijing are the best students of our school.
3.在there be 开始的句子中
There is a student who wants to see you.
4.一个句子中带有两个定语从句,当中一个定语从句的关系代词是that,另一个宜用who,省得重复。
The student that won the first prize is the monitor who works hards.
5.在非局限性定语从句中
A。I met a friend of mine in the street, who had just come from Japan.
B.主句以who开始的句子中,只用that,不用who。
二.指物的关系代词有which、whose(=of which)、that. 试剖析:
1. I like the books which / that were written by Lu Xun.
2. The desks (which/that) we made last year were very good.
3. This is the house in which we lived last year. (= This is the house which /that we lived in last year.)
4. I live in the room whose windows face south. (= I live in the room ,the windows of which face south.)
注:
A. 介词假使位于作为其宾语的关系代词之前时,只能用whom、 which不能用who或that.
(1). The girl about whom they were talking is our monitor.
(2). The book in which there are many interesting things was written by Li Ming.
B. 部分短语动词中的介词不可与动词拆开,在定语从句中其介词不可前置,只能放在其动词之后。
Is this the book which she is looking for?
The old man who/whom they are waiting for is Professor Li.
The child who/whom she is looking after is Wang Ping’s son.
C. 指物时,下列状况下只能用that ,不宜用which。
(1)先行词为不定代词,如All、much、anything、everything、nothing、something、none、the one等。
We are willing to do anything that is good to the people.
I have told them all (that) I know.
All that can be done has been done.
(2)先行词是序数词或被序数词、装点时。
The first book that I read last night was an English novel.
(3)先行词是形容词最高级或被最高级装点时。
This is one of the most interesting films that I have ever seen.
This is the best that can be done now.
(4)假使有两个或两个以上离别表示人和物的先行词时(先行词既有人又有物),定语从句的关系代词用which和who都不适合,只能用that。
We know nothing about the doctors and the hospitals that you are talking about.
There are sheep and men that can be seen on the hill.
(5)假使先行词被the only、the very、the last、the same、any、 few 、little、no、 all 、one of、 just装点时。
This is the only book that can be lent to you.
(6)当主句是以which开始的特殊问句时,关系代词只用that。
Which is the dictionary that he used yesterday ?
D.只物时,下列状况下只能用which,不宜用that。
(1)关系代词放在介词之后
This is the factory in which we once worked.
(2)非局限性定语从句中
This is the book, which is written by Lu Xun.
(3)that,Those作主语时
Those which are on the desk are English books.
E.先行词前有such、the same、 as时, 关系代词用as,不用that, 但the same…as…表示同样的, the same…that…表示同一的
He knows as many people as are present at the meeting.
Such people as you refer to are rare nowadays.
三.比拟When/which、where /which、why.
which I still never forget.
This is the day when I joined the party.
which he spent reading the books.
where I found the book.
which makes machines.
This is the place which we once visited.
which I will never forget.
which I am looking for.
局限性定语从句与非局限性定语从句的差别:
局限性定语从句
非局限性定语从句
All the students who study hard have passed.学习努力的学生都考试达标了。(只有努力的达标了,不必功的没达标。) All the students ,who study hard have passed.所有的学生都达标了,他们学习努力。(不曾人不达标,这些学生都很努力。)
从句是先行词不可缺少的定语(如去掉,主句意思就不完好或不准确。) 从句是对先行词的附加说明(如去掉,主句意思仍明白,不受波及。) 与主句关系亲密,不用逗号 与主句关系不极端亲密,用逗号与主句隔开译为汉语时,从句译在先行词前,与先行词用“的”联结 译为汉语时,从句放在主句后面关系代词that能够轮换who、whom(指人)、which(指物) 关系代词不用that,只用who、whom(指人)、which(指物) 关系代词轮换宾语时能够省略 关系代词不能省略关系代词as和which
先斟酌下面两个例句:
○1.This elephant is like a snake, as /which everybody can see. =As everybody can see, this elephant is like a snake. 任何人都看得出来,这头象像条蛇。
○2.Tom didn’t pass the physics exam, which made his parents very angry. Tom物理考试不达标,这使得他父亲很怄气。
这两个例句中,as和which所代表的都是整个主句所表示的内容。但有两点不同之处:
1. 在形式上as引导的非局限性定语从句可位于主句的后面,也可位于主句的前面;而which引导的非局限性定语从句只能位于主句的后面,不能位于主句的前面。
2. 介含义上,as引导的定语从句和主句的关系平凡为一致关系,常译为“正如……”,“就像……”,而which引导的定语从句和主句的关系是因果关系,或which引导的定语从句是对主句的谈论。所以,在意思通畅的状况下,which可轮换as,而as好多时候不能轮换which,如句○2。再如:
1.He was late again, as / which we had expected. =As we had expected, he was late again. 正如我们所料,他又延迟了。/他又延迟了这是我们早就料到的。
2. The street hasn’t been cleared for weeks, which makes it very dirty. 街道好多礼拜不曾打扫了,所以整条街很脏。(不用as)
3.The young man cheated his friend of much money, which was disgraceful. 那年青人诈骗了他好友好多钱财,这是不光荣的。(不 用as)
4.He takes exercise everyday, which has done a lot of good to his health. 他每天活动,这对他的身体很有实惠。(不用as)
5.As has already been pointed out, English is rather difficult for a foreigner. 正如已经指出的那样,英语对于初学者说,是相当难学的。在such…as…、the same…as…、 as…、 as many…/much as…等构造中,as不能用which轮换。如:
1.Such books as this are too difficult for beginners. 这样的书对于初学的人来说是太难了。
=Books such as this are …
=Books like this are …
2.I live in the same building as he (does). 我和他住再同一座大楼里。
3.He knows as many people as are present at the meeting. 他认识所有到会的人。
4.That day we all got up early as usual. 那天我们和日常一样,都起得很早。
“One of the +复数名词”后面定语从句中谓语单复数状况
这一构造后面的定语从句的谓语动词日常用复数形式,跟定语从句所逼近的那个复数名词在数上保持一致。如:
1. That is one of the books that are required for study at school.
2. This is one of the most wonderful novels that have been published since 1990.
3. She is one of the few persons who know Spanish .
4. This is one of the most famous plays that were written in the thirties,
假使one of +复数名词这一构造前面带有the only、the very之类的限量语,后面定语从句的谓语动词则要用单数形式,这是因为定语从句介含义上装点的是而不是那个复数名词。如:
1.He is the only one of the teachers who knows French in our school.( 装点the only one)
He is one of the teachers who know French in our school.( 装点the teachers)
2.This is the only one of the rooms that is free now. (装点the only one)
This is one of the rooms that are free now. (装点rooms)
as与which引导的定语从句
两者均可引导非局限性定语从句,有时能够互换,但下列状况多用as。
1. 关系代词引导的定语从句居句首时。 As we all know, the earth is round.
2. 当与such或the same连用时,平凡用as。 Such books as you tell me are interesting. I have the same plan as you.
3. 当从句和主句语义一致时,用as,反之则用which。 She has married again, as was expected. She has married again, which was unexpected.
4. as在从句中作主语时,后面常接行动动词的被动语态,如be known,be said,be reported等,如从句中行动动词是主动语态,平凡要用which作主语。
She has been late again, as was expected.
Tom has made great progress, which made us happy.

英语被动语态

一、简述

英语中有两种语态,主动和被动。

例如:Many people speak English. 谓语:speak的动作是由主语many people来遵行的。 被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,即行动动作的对象。例如:English is spoken by many people.主语English是动词speak的承受者。 所谓主动句即使由主动态动词(词组)作谓语动词的句子,而被动句则是由被动态动词(词组)作谓语动词的句子。 例如:He opened the door.他开了门。(主动句) The door was opened.门被开了。(被动句)

二、被动语态的构成

被动语态由“助动词be+及物动词的先前分词”构成。人称、数和时态的变换是穿越be的变换表现出来的。现以teach为例说明被动语态在各种时态中的构成。

平凡当前时:am/is/are+taught

平凡先前时:was/were+taught

平凡未来时:will/shall(be going to) be+taught

目向前行时:am/is/are being+taught

先前进行时:was/were being+taught

当前完结时:have/has been+taught

先前完结时:had been +taught

先前未来时:would(was/were going to) be+taught

三、被动语态的用法

(1)不获悉或不曾必要说明动作的遵行者是谁。 例如: Some more interesting novels were stolen last year. 一些新小说去年被写了。(没说小说是谁写的) This book was published in 1981.这本书出版于1981年。

(2)着重动作的承受者,而不着重动作的遵行者。 例如:the window was broken by Mike.窗户是迈克打破的。 This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。 Eight hours per day for sleep must be guaranteed.每天8小时睡眠必须获取保证。

四、主动语态变被动语态的办法

(1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。

(2)把谓语变成被动构造(be+先前分词) (根据被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及本来主动语态句子中动词的时态来定夺be的形式)。

(3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,将主格改为宾格。例如: All the people laughed at him. He was laughed at by all people. They make the bikes in the factory. The bikes are made?by them?in the factory.

五、含有情态动词的被动语态

含有情态动词的主动句变成被动句时,由“情态动词+be+先前分词”构成,本来带to的情态动词变成被动语态后“to”仍要保存。

例如: We can repair this watch in two days. This watch can be repaired in two days. You ought to take it away. It ought to be taken away. They should do it at once. It should be done at once.

英语有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。主动语态表示主语是谓语动作的遵行者,被动语态 表示主语是谓语动作的承受者。只有及物动词和某些动词短语才智构成被动语态,形式为助 动词 be 加上先前分词。各种时态的被动形式的构成见下表:

各 种 时 态 的 被 动 形 式 表

一 般 时 态 进 行 时 态 完 成 时 态

当前 am/is/are + Ved am/is/are +being+Ved have/has + been + Ved 先前 was/were + Ved was/were +being +Ved had been + Ved 未来 shall/will be + Ved

shall/will have been + Ved 先前未来 should/would be+Ved

should/would have been + Ved

二、考点精要综合:

〔考点1〕 当谈话的对象是动作的承受者时,需用被动语态。

例1:Between 1897 and 1919 at least 29 motion pictures in which art ificial beings were portrayed had been produced

例2:Whenever we hear of a natural disaster, even in a distant part of the world, we feel sympathy for the people who have been affected

〔考点2〕 当使役动词和感官动词如make, let, hear, help, see 等动词用于被动语态时, 做主语补足语的不定式必须带 to。

例:He was made to carry heavy load every day

〔考点3〕 及物的动词短语也能够构成被动语态,当前要留神 切勿扔掉与动词连用的介词或副词。

例1:The baby is well looked after

例2:Those outofdate rules must be done away with

〔考点4〕 有些动词诚然是及物的,可是由于表示的是态势或 关系,日常不用于被动语态。常 用的此类动词有:cost, fit, have, hold, lack, last, own, possess, resemble, suit 等。

〔考点5〕 半点及物动词用作不如物动词时,后接副词时以主动形式表示被 动的意思。如brea k, cut, fill, lock, open, peel, push, read, sell, shut, wash, wear, write 等。

例1:His new novel sells well

例2:This kind of cloth washes easily

〔考点6〕 一些转变为系动词的感官动词加上表语也能够表示被动的意思。 如:appear, come, fall, feel, go, grow, keep, look, remain, rest, run, smell, stand, sound stay, taste, lie 等。

例:Cloth made of silk feels smoother than that made of cotton

〔考点7〕 bear, deserve, desire, need, require, want 等动词加上动名 词或在 “worth + doing" 构造中,其主动形式表示被动的意思。

例1:The room needs cleaning

例2:This novel is worth reading

参考资料:http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/117395042.html?si=1&wtp=wk
http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/9642206.htmlsi=1&wtp=wk

参考资料: http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/9642206.html?si=1&wtp=wk

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初三英语上册语法,人教版九年级上册英语课文原文

初三上册英语课本第6页,2d的翻译

2014新目标英语九年级Unit 1 P6 阅读原文与译文
How Can You Become a Successful Learner?
怎么样你才智成为一名胜利的学习者?
Everyone is born with the ability to learn.
学习是每一一己与生俱来的实力。
But whether or not you can do this well depends on your learning habits.
可是否能学得好取决于你的学习习性。
Research shows that successful learners have some good habits in common.
斟酌表露,胜利的学习者共同占有某些好习性。

Creating an interest in what they learn
对所学习内容缔造兴致
Studies show that if you are interested in something, your brain is more active and it is also easier for you to pay attention to it for a long time.
斟酌表露,假使你对某样事物感兴致,你的大脑就更活跃,而况你会更简捷长日期地关注它。
Good learners often connect what they need to learn with something interesting.
优良的学习者常常把他们必要学习的东西与某些有趣的东西关系起来。
For example, if they need to learn English and they like music or sports, they can listen to English songs or watch sports programs in English.
例如,假使他们要学英语,而况他们酷爱音乐或许体育,他们就会听英文歌或许察看英语体育节目。
This way they will not get boring.
(穿越)这种办法,他们不会觉得(学习英语)无味无聊。

Practicing and learning from mistakes
练习并从差错中学习
Good learners think about what they are good at and what they need to practice more.
优良的学习者会斟酌他们擅长什么和他们更加必要练习什么。
Remember, “Use it or lose it.”
铭记,“不用则废。”
Even if you learn something well, you will forget it unless you use it.
即使你学好了某些东西,你也会忘怀它,除非你应用它。
“Practice makes perfect.”
“熟能生巧。”
Good learners will keep practicing what they have learned, and they are not afraid of making mistakes.
优良的学习者会不停练习他们已经学会了的东西,而况他们无惧于犯差错。
Alexander Graham Bell did not invent the telephone overnight.
亚历山大.格拉厄姆.贝尔可不是一夜之间就创造了电话机的。
He succeeded by trying many times and learning from his mistakes.
穿越多少次的试探并从差错中学习,(最后)他胜利了。

Developing their study skills
进展他们的学习才智
It is not enough to just study hard.
仅有学习是不够的。
Good learners know the best way they can study.
优良的学习者获悉他们能够学习的最佳门道。
For example, they may take notes by writing down key words or by drawing mind maps.
比方说,他们能够穿越写下关键词或许绘制思维导图来做笔记。
They also look for ways to review what they have learned.
他们还会寻方念头来温习他们已经学会了的东西。
They may do this by reading their notes every day or by explaining the information to another student.
他们能够穿越每天阅读笔记或许穿越向别的学友阐释说明学习消息降临达温习目的。

Asking questions
不耻下问(勤学多问)
Good learners often ask questions during or after class.
优良的学习者常常课堂上或许课后提问。
They even ask each other and try to find out the answers.
他们甚至互相提问并努力寻找答案。
Knowledge comes from questioning.
学识源于质疑。

Learning is a lifelong journey because every day brings something new.
学习是一生的旅程,因为每一天都会带来新的东西。
Everything that you learn becomes a part of you and changes you,
你所学到的一切,都会成为你的一部分并变换着你。
So learn wisely and learn well.
所以,聪慧地学习并好好学习吧。

初三上册英语单词全部

我只有前两个单元的
Unit 1
ancient古代的 持久的
modern 现代的 近代的
Athens 雅典
gold金的
medal奖牌 勋章
record记述记述
event竞赛
shooting射击
athlete运动员
silver银的
bronze青铜的
twentieth第二十
sprint短跑
region地区地方
freestyle自由泳
close结逼近的亲密的
race竞赛 赛跑
seem好像 好像
tie 不分胜负
swimmer游泳者
spectator观众 观望者
up and down 上上下下
beat挫败胜过
the others其旁人
volleyball排球 排球活动
table tennis = ping pong乒乓球
design设计制图
luck幸运 运气
rope绳
jump rope 跳绳
sit-up仰卧起坐
push-up 俯卧撑
tennis网球
do one’s best尽某人最大的努力
give up摈弃
believe 信任
guest客人
such同类的 如此
able有本事的 有实力的
great出色的
practise练习 实习
diving 跳水
deam梦 志向
dive 跳水 俯冲
diver跳水者
Atlanta 亚特兰大
platform站台
springboard 跳板
champion冠军
age年岁
victory胜利 胜利
coach教练 辅导教师
catch up with 赶上 跟上
include 包罗 包罗
result 后果 业绩
none一个也不曾 毫无
few 近乎不曾 很少

Unit2
ordinary正常的 平凡的
whether 是否 不管 无论
structure收拾物 构造 构造
locate 位于 坐落于
storey 楼层
tower 塔
thick厚的
whole 彻底的 完好的
length 长度
astronaut 宇航员
dam 水坝 堤坝
gorge 峡 峡谷
the three gorges dam 三峡大坝
whale 鲸
average 均匀 平凡程度
weigh 称……的重量
ton 吨
bumblebee 大黄蜂
bat 蝙蝠
bumblebee bat 大黄蜂蝙蝠
gram 克
centimeter 厘米
Thailand 泰国
tortoise 龟
including 包罗包罗
human 人(的)
cheetah 猎豹
farther 更远
farthest 最远
falcon 鹰 猎鹰
bridge 枢纽
list 清单 表
anybody 任何人
kilo 千克
unusual 少有的 奇特的
guitar 吉他
impossible不或许的
lift 举起 抬起
pull 拉 拖

初三英语上册语法,人教版九年级上册英语课文原文

人教版九年级上册英语课文原文

4页3a
你怎样学得优良?
这个礼拜我们在新星高中询问了学生关于学习英语最佳的形式。 穿越讯问有关于学习英语的办法,好多学生说他们学会了。 有些学生有更加透彻的创议。莉莲-李,例如,最佳的形式学会新的单词是穿越读英国杂志。 说那记住风行音乐歌曲的词她也被救助有点。 当我们询问学习语法,她说,我不曾学习语法, 太无趣。 韦明不同有的感受。 他学习英语六年并真实地爱学英语。 他觉得学习语法是一个宏大形式以用来学会语言。他也觉得那察看的英国电影并不是一个坏窍门,因为他能够察看演员说词。 有时,因为人民太急速,谈话可是,他察发觉看的电影挫败。刘畅说插手学校英语俱乐部是最佳的形式以改进她的英语。 学生获取好多实践,并且他们也获取兴致。她填充了与好友的谈话可应用中文大约不是有用的。她说。

原文:
How do you learn best?
This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English. Many said they learnt by using English. Some students had more specific suggestions. Lillian Li, for example, said the best way to learn new words was by reading English magazines. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. When we asked about studying grammar, she said, “I never study grammar. It’s too boring.” Wei Ming feels differently. He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it. He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. He also thinks that watching English movies isn’t a bad way because he can watch the actors say the words. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly. Liu Chang said that joining the English club at school was the best way to improve her English. Students get lots of practice and they also have fun. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. “We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese,” she said.

6页3a
翻译:
我是怎样学习英语的
去年,英语课很难。首先,老师谈话的时候我很刺耳懂。初步的时候,她讲的太快,我听不清每一个单词。之后,我才意识到听不清每一个单词这并不主要。我也很胆寒在课堂上发言,因为我胆寒学友们会耻笑我。因为我还不能造完好的句子,我就初步看英语电视节目,这很有用。我觉得大量的做听力练习是成为一名胜利学习者的秘诀。此外,我还发觉英语语法很难,于是我定夺在每一堂课上做些笔记。然后用学到的语法知识点来造句,这很有救助,让人惊诧。当前我很愿意学习英语,这学期考试还得了一个A。老师对我印象很深刻。

原文:How I learned to learn English
Last year my English class was difficult.First of all,it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked.To begin with,she spoke too quickly,and I couldn’t understand every word.Later on,I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word.I was also afraid to speak in class,because I thought my classmates might laugh at me.I couldn’t always make complete sentences either .Then I started to watch English-language TV.It helped a lot.I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of beacoming a good learner.Another thing that Ifound very difficult was English grammar.So I decided to take lots of grammar notes in every class.The I started to write my own original sentences using the grammar I was learning.It’s amazing how much this helped.Now I am enjoying learning English and I got an A this term.My teacher is very impressed.

8页reading
原文:
How do we deal with our problems ?

Rich or poor, young or old, we all have problems. And unless we deal with our problems, we can easily become unhappy. Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school. It can also influence the way we behave with our families. So how do we deal with our problems? There are many ways.

By learning to forget
Most of us have probably been angry with our friends, parents or teachers. Perhaps they said something you didn’t like, or you felt they were unfair. Sometimes, people can stay angry for years about a small problem. Time goes by, and good friendships may be lost

When we are angry, however, we are usually the ones affected. Perhaps we have seen young children playing together. Sometimes they have disagreements, and decide not to talk to each other. However, this usually does not last for long. This is an important lesson for us: we can solve a problem by learning to forget.

By regarding problems as challenges
Many students often complain about school. They might feel they have too much work to do sometimes, or think the rules are too strict.We must learn how to change these “problems” into “challenges”. Education is an important part of our development. As young adults, it is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers.

By thinking of something worse
By comparing yourself to other people, you will find your problems are not so terrible. Think about Stephen Hawking, for example, a very clever scientist, who regards his many physical problems as unimportant. He can't walk or even speak, but he has become very famous and successful. We are probably quite healthy and smart. Let’s not worry about our problems. Let's face the challenges instead.

翻译:
我们如何料理我们的问题?

无论是丰饶还是贫寒,年青还是年老,我们都有问题。假使我们不料理我们的问题,我们或许很简捷变得不愉快。担心我们的问题或许波及我们在学校的表现。它也会波及我们和家人相处的形式。那么我们怎么料理我们的问题呢?有好多办法。
学会忘怀我们大多数人能够同我们的好友,父母或许老师生过气。或许他们说过你们不酷爱的东西,或许你们干但他们不公正。有时,人么可觉得一个小问题怄气几年。日期先前了优良的友谊或许也错过了。
可是当我们怄气时,日常我们自己即使受波及的人。或许我们目睹过小好友们在同时玩耍。有时他们有不同的意见,并且定夺互不谈话,不过这日常不会继续久久。这对我们是很主要的一个教训:我们能够穿越学会忘怀来处理问题。
把问题看作是挑战好多学生常常怪罪学校。有时他们或许感但他们有太多作业要做,或许觉得校规太严。我们必须学会如何把这些"问题"变为"挑战"。教导是我们进展中的一个主要部分。作为年青人,我们的责任是努力在老师的救助下敷衍我们教导中的每一个挑战。
想更坏的事情把自己与旁人比拟一下,你会发觉你的问题并不是那么可怖。例如,想一下斯蒂芬。霍金,一个极端聪慧的在理家,他把他身上的好多问他看得并不主要,可是太变得极端知名而况胜利。我们很或许相当康健和聪慧。让我们不讨为我们的问题担心吧。相反,我们要面临挑战。

14页3a
我最大的问题
我最大的问题即使太忙了。在我小的时候,我常常有许多的日期,但这些天我起得很早,然后整天呆在学校里。然后直接回家吃晚饭。在我上高中前,我常常花许多的日期和我的好友们玩游戏,可是我当前再也不曾这样的日期了。晚上,我先前常常看电视或是和我的奶奶交谈,可是我当前不得不学习。我酷爱音乐,先前我爸爸常带我去听音乐会。如今,我近乎不曾日期去听音乐会了。我得做家庭作业然后睡觉。我真的好挂念先前的日期啊。

原文:
My Biggest Problem
My biggest problem is that I’m too busy. When I was young, I used to have so much time, but these days, I get up early and stay in school all day. Then I go right home and eat dinner. Before I started high school, I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends, but I just don’t have the time anymore. In the evening, I used to watch TV or chat with my grandmother, but now I have to study. I love music and my father takes me to concerts. These days, I hardly ever have time for concerts. I do my homework and go to bed. I really miss the old days.

16页翻译:
他先前总是制造繁琐
马丁·莫里是一个十五岁大的男孩,他先前是一个问题少年,可是近日他与妈妈的谈话变换了他的人生。在他父亲几年前逝世之后,马丁的生活变得很困难,他的妈妈无力供他读书,为了付学费,他妈妈不得不外出工作,常常不在家。
他妈妈尽心努力地照看他,不幸的是,马丁依旧给他自己和家人制造繁琐。他对学习不曾兴致并且常去给警察惹繁琐,好在他妈妈极端耐性并且从未摈弃救助马丁。最后,他妈妈做了一个困难的定夺,把他送去男子寄宿学校,马丁很厌烦那个学校并且在学校里又继续闯祸。一天,他告知他的老师说他想解脱学校,老师也觉得他呆在学校是在浪费日期。
班主任觉得马丁必要和他妈妈谈一下。于是马丁给妈妈打了电话,让他不曾想到的是这通电话变换了他的人生。他说:“正如我想要的,妈妈救助我去探听她曾交出我多少东西,她告知我尽管爸爸不在了,但其实他一直在看着我并且总是为我所做的一切事感情到高傲,即使那个时候我才定夺变换,我意识到自从爸爸逝世后我一直都胆寒独处并且总想引起妈妈对我的更多留神力”。
马丁当前真的变了。他一直以来都很努力工作并且当前是他们班里优良的学生。他是如何能够变换的呢?是妈妈的爱让他扭转了对自己的见解,正像马丁自己所说的一样“父母对孩子来说很主要”。

原文:
He used to cause a lot of trouble

Martin Murray is a fifteen-year-old boy.He used to be a "problem child",but a recent conversation whit his mother changed his life. He didn't use to give his mother many problems. However,after his father's death a few years ago, Martin's life became much more difficult. His mother couldn'tafford to pay for her child's education. To do this, she had to work, and so was often not at home.

His mother looked after him as well as she could. Unfortunately, Martin still cause problems for himself and hie family. He was not interested in studying and he often go into trouble with the police. Luckily, his mother was very patient and didn't give up trying to help him.In the end,she made a difficult decision : to send him to a boy's boarding school. Martin hated it and used to cause a lot of trouble. One day,he told his teacher he wanted to leave the school. Even the teacher agreed that Martin was wasting his time.

The head teacher said it was necessary for Martin to talk with his mother. Martin called hie mother, but to his surprise,this phone call changed his life. "It was exactly what i need," he said. "My mother helped me to understand how much she had given me. She also told me that even though my father was no longer with us, he was watching me and would always take pride in everything good I do. That's when i decided to change. I realize that since my father died, i have been afraid of being alone,and have tried to make my mother my mother pay more attention to me ."

Now Martin has really changed. He has been working hard and is now one of the best students in his class. How was he able to change? His mother"s love helped him to feel good about himself ,and as Martin himself says, "It"s very important for parents to be there for their children."

20页原文:
Sun Fei: We have a lot of rules at my house.
Wu Yu: So do we. For example,I have to stay at home on school nights.
Sun Fei: I usually do, too. But sometimes I'm allowed to study at a friend's house. What about weekends?
Wu Yu: Well, I'm allowed to go to the movies with friends on Friday nights.
Sun Fei: Me,too, but I have to be home by 10:00 pm.
Wu Yu: And on Saturday afternoons, I'm allowed to go shopping with my friends.
Sun Fei: That's nice.
Wu Yu: And I'm allowed to choose my own clothes, but I'm not allowed to get my ears pierced yet.

翻译:
苏菲:在我们家有许多法度。
吴语:我也是。比方,上学时候的晚上我必须留在家里。
苏菲:我日常都是这样。但有时我能够在我好友家写作业。那么关于周末呢?
吴语:礼拜五晚上我能够和我好友同时去看电影。
苏菲:我也是。但我10之前必须回家。
吴语;在礼拜六下午,我能够和我好友去购物。
苏菲:那太好了。
吴语:我还能够抉择我自己的衣服,但我至今还没被准允许以穿耳洞。

祝你学习长进,百尺竿!(*^__^*)

(责任编辑:令狐孜左)

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