初中英语知识点综合,初中英语知识点

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初中英语知识点总结

平凡当前时的用法

1) 常常性或习性性的动作,常与表示频腮度的日期状语连用。
日期状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday
I leave home for school at 7 every morning.

2) 客观真理,客观存在,在理原形。
The earth moves around the sun.
Shanghai lies in the east of China.
3) 表示警句或警句中。
Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

留神:此用法假使出当前宾语从句中,即使主句是先前时,从句谓语也要用平凡当前时。
例:Columbus proved that the earth is round..

4) 当前时刻的态势、实力、性情、个性。
I don’t want so much.
Ann Wang writes good English but does not speak well.
比拟:Now I put the sugar in the cup.
I am doing my homework now.
第一句用平凡当前时,用于把持演示或指点说明的示范性动作,表示言行的刹那动作。再如:Now watch me, I switch on the current and stand back. 第二句中的now是进行时的标记,表示正在进行的动作的客观状况,所以后句用平凡当前时。
2. 平凡先前时的用法

1)在评判的先前日期里所缔造的动作或存在的态势。
日期状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982等。
Where did you go just now?

2)表示在先前一段日期内,常常性或习性性的动作。
When I was a child, I often played football in the street.
Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm welcome.

3)句型:
It is time for sb. to do sth "到……日期了" "该……了"
It is time sb. did sth. "日期已迟了" "早该……了"
It is time for you to go to bed. 你该睡觉了。
It is time you went to bed. 你早该睡觉了。
would (had) rather sb. did sth. 表示’宁肯某人做某事’
I’d rather you came tomorrow.

4) wish, wonder, think, hope 等用先前时,作试探性的询问、哀求、创议等。
I thought you might have some. 我觉得你想要一些。

比拟:
平凡先前时表示的动作或态势都已成为先前,现已不复存在。
Christine was an invalid all her life.
(含意:她已不在人寰。)
Christine has been an invalid all her life.
(含意:她当前还活着)
Mrs. Darby lived in Kentucky for seven years.
(含意:达比太太已不再住在肯塔基州。)
Mrs. Darby has lived in Kentucky for seven years.
( 含意:当前还住在肯塔基州,有或许指刚离开)

留神: 用先前时表示当前,表示委婉语气。
1)动词want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。
Did you want anything else?
I wondered if you could help me.
2)情态动词 could, would.
Could you lend me your bike?
3. used to / be used to

used to + do:"先前常常"表示先前习性性的动作或态势,但如今已不存在。
Mother used not to be so forgetful.
Scarf used to take a walk. (先前常常漫步)

be used to + doing: 对……已感到习性,或"习性于",to是介词,后需加名词或动名词。
He is used to a vegetarian diet.
Scarf is used to taking a walk.(当前习性于漫步)

典典范题
---- Your phone number again? I ___ quite catch it.
---- It’s 69568442.
A. didn’t B. couldn’t C. don’t D. can’t
答案A. 本句虽不曾评判的日期状语,但从语意上看 出,在听的时候不曾听懂这个动作缔造在先前,所以使用先前时。
4. 平凡未来时

1) shall用于第一人称,常被will 所轮换。
will 在陈述句管用于各人称,在争求意见常常用于第二人称。
Which paragraph shall I read first.
Will you be at home at seven this evening?

2) be going to +不定式,表示未来。
a. 主语的志愿,即刻做某事。
What are you going to do tomorrow?
b. 计划,料理要缔造的事。
The play is going to be produced next month。
c. 有形迹要缔造的事
Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.

3) be +不定式表未来,按计划或正式料理将缔造的事。
We are to discuss the report next Saturday.

4) be about to +不定式,意为即刻做某事。
He is about to leave for Beijing.
留神:be about to 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示评判未来时的日期状语连用。
5. be going to / will

用于条件句时, be going to 表未来
will 表意愿
If you are going to make a journey, you’d better get ready for it a s soon as possible.
Now if you will take off your clothes, we will fit the new clothes on you in front of the mirror.
6. be to和be going to

be to 表示客观料理或受人指示而做某事。
be going to 表示主观的计划或计划。
I am to play football tomorrow afternoon. (客观料理)
I’m going to play football tomorrow afternoon. (主观料理)
7. 平凡当前时表未来

1)下列动词:come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return的平凡当前时表未来。这主要用来表示在日期上已评判或料理好的事情。
The train leaves at six tomorrow morning.
When does the bus star? It stars in ten minutes.

2)倒装句,表示动作正在进行,如:
Here comes the bus. = The bus is coming.
There goes the bell. = The bell is ringing.

3)在日期或条件句中。
When Bill comes (不是will come), ask him to wait for me.
I’ll write to you as soon as I arrive there.

4)在动词hope, take care that, make sure that等后。
I hope they have a nice time next week.
Make sure that the windows are closed before you leave the room.
11. 用于当前完结时的句型

1)It is the first / second time…. that…构造中的从句部分,用当前完结时。
It is the first time that I have visited the city.
It was the third time that the boy had been late.

2)This is the… that…构造,that 从句要用当前完结时.
This is the best film that I’ve (ever) seen.
这是我看过的优良的电影。
This is the first time (that) I’ve heard him sing. 这是我第顺次听他唱歌。

典典范题
(1) ---Do you know our town at all?
---No, this is the first time I ___ here.
A. was B. have been C. came D. am coming
答案B. This is the first time 后面所加从句应为当前完结时,故选B。

(2) ---Have you ____ been to our town before?
---No, it’s the first time I ___ here.
A. even, come B. even, have come C. ever, come D. ever, have come
答案D. ever意为已经或无论何时,反意词为never,此两词常用于完结时。 This is the largest fish I have ever seen. It is / was the first time +that-clause 的句型中,从句要用完结时。
留神:非继续性动词的抵赖形式能够与表示继续日期的状语连用。即动作不缔造的态势是能够继续的。
(错)I have received his letter for a month.
(对)I haven’t received his letter for almost a month.
12. 比拟since和for

Since 用来说明动作起始日期,for用来说明动作继续日期长度。
I have lived here for more than twenty years.
I have lived here since I was born..
My aunt has worked in a clinic since 1949.
Some new oilfields have been opened up since 1976.
I have known Xiao Li since she was a little girl.
My brother has been in the Youth League for two years.
I have not heard from my uncle for a long time.

留神:并非有for 作为日期状语的句子都用当前完结时。
I worked here for more than twenty years.
(我当前已不在此处工作。)
I have worked here for many years.
(当前我仍在此处工作。)

小门道: 当当前完结时+一段日期,这一构造中,我们用下面的公式转变,很简捷就能取消非继续动词在完结时中的误使。
1) (对) Tom has studied Russian for three years.
= Tom began to study Russian three years ago, and is still studying it now.
2) (错) Harry has got married for six years.
= Harry began to get married six years ago, and is still getting married now.
显然,第二句不对,它应改为 Harry got married six years ago. 或 Harry has been married for six years.
13. since的四种用法

1) since +先前一个日期点 (如透彻的年、月、日期、钟点、1980, last month, half past six)。
I have been here since 1989.

2) since +一段日期+ ago
I have been here since five months ago.

3) since +从句
Great changes have taken place since you left.
Considerable time has elapsed since we have been here.

4) It is +一段日期+ since从句
It is two years since I became a postgraduate student.
被动语态的几门类型
1)主语句中有一个宾语的被动语态,如:
He saw her in the shop yesterday.
She was seen in the shop yesterday.
2) 主语有两个宾语的被动语态
Li Lei gave me a chemistry book.
I was given a chemistry book by Li Lei.
A chemistry book was given to me by Li Lei.
3)主动句中含宾语补足语的句子的被动语态
若宾语补足语是不带to 的不定式,变为被动语态时,该不定式前要加"to"。此类动词为
感官动词:feel, hear, help, listen to, look at, make, observe, see, notice, watch
The teacher made me go out of the classroom.
--> I was made to go out of the classroom (by the teacher).
We saw him play football on the playground.
--> He was seen to play football on the playground.
若宾语补足语是带to的不定式,那么被动语态仍保存to:
Mother told me not to be late
I was told not to be late by mother.
5)情态动词+ be +先前分词,构成被动语态。
Coal can be used to produce electricity for agriculture and industry.
6)表示"据说"或"信任" 的词组
 believe, consider, declare, expect, feel , report, say, see, suppose, think, understand
It is said that… 据说
It is reported that… 据报道
It is believed that… 大家信任
It is hoped that… 大家巴望
It is well known that… 家喻户晓
It is thought that… 大家觉得
It is suggested that… 据创议
It is taken granted that… 被视为当然
It has been decided that… 大家定夺
It must be remember that…必须记住的是
It is said that she will leave for Wuhan on Tuesday.
14. 继续动词与刹那动词

1) 用于完结时的差别
继续动词表示经验、经验; 刹那动词表示行动的结 果,不能与表示段的日期状语连用。
He has completed the work. 他已完结了那项工作。 (表后果)
I’ve known him since then. 我从当初起就认识他了。(表经验)

2) 用于till / until从句的差别
继续动词用于评判句,表示"做……直到……" 刹那动词用于抵赖句,表示"到……,才……"
He didn’t come back until ten o’clock.
他到10 点才归来。
He slept until ten o’clock.
他一直睡到10点。

典典范题
1. You don’t need to describe her. I ___ her several times.
A. had met B. have met C. met D. meet
答案B. 首先本题后句着重对当前的波及,我获悉她的相貌,你不用描述。再次,several times告知为重复缔造的动作,所以用当前完结时。

2.---I’m sorry to keep you waiting.
---Oh, not at all. I ___ here only a few minutes.
A. have been B. had been C. was D. will be
答案A. 期待的动作由先前初步,继续到当前,使用现
. 不定式作宾语

1) 动词+ 不定式
afford aim appear agree arrange ask be decide bother care choose come dare demand desire determine expect elect endeavor hope fail happen help hesitate learn long mean manage offer ought plan prepare pretend promise refuse seem tend wait wish undertake
示例:
The driver failed to see the other car in time.
司机没能即时目睹另一辆车。
I happen to know the answer to your question.
我巧合获悉你那道问题的答案。

2)动词+不定式 ; 动词+宾语+不定式
ask, beg, choose, expect , hate, help intend like, love, need prefer, prepare, promise, want, wish…
I like to keep everything tidy. 我酷爱每件东西都保持干净。
I like you to keep everything tidy. 我酷爱你年使每件东西都保持干净。
I want to speak to Tom. 我想和汤姆谈话。
I want you to speak to Tom. 我想让你和汤姆谈话。

3) 动词+疑问词+ to
decide, know, consider forget, learn, remember, show, understand, see, wonder, hear, find out, explain, tell
Please show us how to do that. 请演示给我们如何去做。
There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can’t make up my mind which to buy.有这样多的录音机,我都拿不定主意买哪一种。

留神:疑问词带不定式在句中作成分时,谓语动词用单数。
The question is how to put it into practice.
问题是怎样把它付诸施行。
2. 不定式作补语

1) 动词+宾语+不定式(to do)
advise allow appoint believe cause challenge command compel consider declare drive enable encourage find forbid force guess hire imagine impel induce inform instruct invite judge know like order permit persuade remind report request require select send state suppose tell think train trust understand urge warn

例句:
a. Father will not allow us to play on the street.
父亲不让我们在街上玩耍。
b. We believe him to be guilty.
我们信任他是有罪的。

Find 的特殊用法:
Find 后可用分词做宾补,或先加形式宾语,再加形容词,最后加带to 的动词不定式。find后也可带一个从句。此类动词还有get,have。
I found him lying on the ground.
I found it important to learn.
I found that to learn English is important.

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初中英语知识点综合,初中英语知识点

初中英语语法大全(人教版)

11. 动词的时态

11.1 平凡当前时的用法

1) 常常性或习性性的动作,常与表示频腮度的日期状语连用。日期状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday。例如:

I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早上我七点解脱家。

2) 客观真理,客观存在,在理原形。例如:

The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转动。

Shanghai lies in the east of China. 上海位于中国东部。

3) 表示警句或警句。例如:

Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

留神:此用法假使出当前宾语从句中,即使主句是先前时,从句谓语也要用平凡当前时。

4) 当前时刻的态势、实力、性情、个性。例如:

比拟:Now I put the sugar in the cup. 把糖放入杯子。

I am doing my homework now. 我正在做功课。

第一句用平凡当前时,用于把持演示或指点说明的示范性动作,表示言行的刹那动作。第二句中的now是进行时的标记,表示正在进行的动作的客观状况,所以后句用平凡当前时。
归来动词的时态目录
11.2 平凡先前时的用法
1)在评判的先前日期里所缔造的动作或存在的态势。例如:日期状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982等。

2)表示在先前一段日期内,常常性或习性性的动作。
3)句型:It is time for sb. to do sth "到……日期了" "该……了"。例如:It is time for you to go to bed. 你该睡觉了。 It is time that sb. did sth. "日期已迟了" "早该……了" ,例如It is time you went to bed. 你早该睡觉了。 would (had) rather sb. did sth. 表示'宁肯某人做某事'。例如:I'd rather you came tomorrow.还是明天来吧。
4) wish, wonder, think, hope 等用先前时,作试探性的询问、哀求、创议等,而平凡先前时表示的动作或态势都已成为先前,现已不复存在。例如:I thought you might have some. 我觉得你想要一些。
1)动词want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。

2)情态动词 could, would。例如:

Could you lend me your bike? 你的自行车,能借鉴一些吗?
归来动词的时态目录
11.3 used to / be used to

used to + do:"先前常常"表示先前习性性的动作或态势,但如今已不存在。例如:
Mother used not to be so forgetful. 老妈先前没那么健忘。
Scarf used to take a walk. 斯卡夫先前常常漫步。
be used to + doing: 对……已感到习性,或"习性于",to是介词,后需加名词或动名词。

11.4 平凡未来时
1) shall用于第一人称,常被will 所轮换。will 在陈述句管用于各人称,在征求意见常常用于第二人称。
Will you be at home at seven this evening? 今晚七点回家好吗?
2) be going to +不定式,表示未来。
a. 主语的志愿,即刻做某事。例如:What are you going to do tomorrow? 明天计划作什么呢?
b. 计划,料理要缔造的事。例如:The play is going to be produced next month。这出戏下月开播。
c. 有形迹要缔造的事。例如:Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm. 看那乌云,快要下雨了。
3) be +不定式表未来,按计划或正式料理将缔造的事。
4) be about to +不定式,意为即刻做某事。例如:
He is about to leave for Beijing. 他即即刻去北京。
留神:be about to do 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示评判未来时的日期状语连用。

11.5 be going to / will 用于条件句时,be going to表未来,will表意愿。
11.6 be to和be going to

be to 表示客观料理或受人指示而做某事,be going to 表示主观的计划或计划。

11.7 平凡当前时表未来

1)下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return的平凡当前时能够表示未来,主要用来表示在日期上已评判或料理好的事情。
2)以here, there等初步的倒装句,表示动作正在进行。

3)在日期或条件句中。例如:
When Bill comes (不是will come), ask him to wait for me. 比尔来后,让他等我。
4)在动词hope, take care that, make sure that等的宾语从句中。例如:
I hope they have a nice time next week. 我巴望他们下礼拜玩得适意。
11.8 用目向前行时表示未来

下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return等目向前行时能够表示未来。

11.9 当前完结时
当前完结时用来表示之前已缔造或完结的动作或态势,其后果的波及当前还存在;也可表示继续到当前的动作或态势。其构成:have (has) +先前分词。
11.10 比拟平凡先前时与当前完结时

1)平凡先前时表示先前某时缔造的动作或纯真讲述先前的事情,着重动作;当前完结时为先前缔造的,着重先前的事情对当前的波及,着重的是波及。

2)平凡先前常常与透彻的日期状语连用,而当前完结时日常与隐约的日期状语连用,或无日期状语。

平凡先前时的日期状语:yesterday, last week,…ago, in1980, in October, just now等,皆为透彻的日期状语。

当前完结时的日期状语:for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till/until, up to now, in past years, always等,皆不停定的日期状语。

共同的日期状语:this morning, tonight, this April, now, already, recently, lately 等。

3)当前完结时可表示继续到当前的动作或态势,动词平凡是继续性的,如live, teach, learn, work, study, know.。

平凡先前常常用的非继续性动词有come, go, leave, start, die, finish, become, get married等。

句子中如有先前时的日期副词(如yesterday, last, week, in 1960)时,不能应用当前完结时,要用先前时。

11.11 用于当前完结时的句型

11.13 since的四种用法

1) since +先前一个日期点(如透彻的年、月、日期、钟点、1980, last month, half past six)。
2) since +一段日期+ ago。
3) since +从句。

4) It is +一段日期+ since从句。

11.14 继续动词与刹那动词

1) 用于完结时的差别

继续动词表示经验、经验; 刹那动词表示行动的后果,不能与表示段的日期状语连用。

2) 用于till / until从句的差别

继续动词用于评判句,表示"做……直到……" 刹那动词用于抵赖句,表示"到……,才……

11.15 先前完结时

1) 思想:表示先前的先前

----|----------|--------|----> 其构成是had +先前分词构成。

当初先前 当初 当前

2) 用法

a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。例如:

She said (that)she had never been to Paris. 她告知我她曾去过巴黎。

b. 状语从句

在先前不同日期缔造的两个动作中,缔造在先,用先前完结时;缔造在后,用平凡先前时。例如:

When the police arrived, the thieves had run away. 警察抵达时,小偷们早就跑了。

c. 表暗示向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用先前完结时表示"原本…,未能…"。例如:

We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't. 当初我们巴望你能来,可是你不曾来。

3) 先前完结时的日期状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。例如:

He said that he had learned some English before. 他说过他先前学过一些英语。

By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself. 到了十二岁那年,爱迪生初步自己谋生。

Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party.

汤姆失望了,因为他抵达晚会时,整体部客人已经走了。

典典范题

The students ___ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she ___ in the office.

A. had written, left B,were writing, has left C. had written, had left D. were writing, had left

答案D. "把书忘在办公室"缔造在"去取书"这一先前的动作之前,所以"忘了书"这一动作缔造在先前的先前,用先前完结时。句中when表示的是日期的一点,表示在"学友们正忙于……"这一背景下,when所引导的动作缔造。所以前一句使用先前进行时。

留神: had hardly… when 还没等…… 就……。例如:

I had hardly opened the door when I he hit me. 我刚敞开门,他就打了我。

had no sooner…than 刚…… 就……。例如:

He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it. 他刚买了这辆车,转眼又卖了。

11.16 用平凡先前时轮换先前完结时

1) 两个动作如按次序缔造,又不着重先后,或用then,and,but 等连词时,多用平凡先前时。例如:

When she saw the mouse,she screamed. 她看到老鼠,就叫了起来。

My aunt gave me a hat and I lost it. 姑妈给了我一顶帽子,我把它丢了。

2 ) 两个动作相继缔造,可用平凡先前时;如第一个动作必要若干日期完结,用先前完结时。例如:

When I heard the news, I was very excited.

3) 讲述历史原形,可不用先前完结时,而只用平凡先前时。例如:

11.17 未来完结时

1) 构成will have done

2) 思想

a. 态势完结:表示某事继续到未来某一时为止一直有的态势。例如:

They will have been married for 20 years by then. 到当初他们结婚将有二十年了。

b. 动作完结:表示未来某一时或另一个未来的动作之前,已经完结的动作或获取的经验。例如:

You will have reached Shanghai by this time tomorrow. 明天当前,你已经抵达上海了。

11.18 目向前行时

目向前行时的大约用法:

a. 表示当前(指言语人言语时)正在缔造的事情。例如:

We are waiting for you. 我们正在等你。

b. 习性进行:表示长年的或重复性的动作,言语时动作未必正在进行。例如:

Mr. Green is writing another novel. 他在写另一部小说。(言语时并未在写,只处于写作的态势。)

c. 表示渐变,这样的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。例如:

The leaves are turning red. 叶子在变红。

It's getting warmer and warmer. 天越来越热了。

d. 与always, constantly, forever 等词连用,表示重复缔造的动作或继续存在的态势,常常带有言语人的主观色彩。

11.19 不用进行时的动词

1)表示原形态势的动词,如have, belong, possess, cost, owe, exist, include, contain, matter, weigh, measure, continue等。例如:I have two brothers. 我有两兄弟。

This house belongs to my sister. 这房子是我姐的。

2)表示心理态势的动词,如know, realize, think see, believe, suppose, imagine, agree, recognize, remember, want, need, forget, prefer, mean, understand, love, hate等。例如:I need your help. 我必要你的救助。

He loves her very much. 他爱她很深。

3)刹那动词,如accept, receive, complete, finish, give, allow, decide, refuse等。例如:

I accept your advice. 我领受你的忠告。

4)系动词,如seem, remain, lie, see, hear, smell, feel, taste, get, become, turn等。

11.20 先前进行时

1)思想:表示先前某时正在进行的态势或动作。

2)先前进行时的主要用法是描述一件事缔造的背景;一个长动作继续的时候,另一个短动作缔造。

3) 常用的日期状语有this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while等。

参考资料: 巴望帮到你[*_*]

初中英语知识点

[短语、词组综合]
由动词开始构成的短语、词组许多。温习时应分类料理:
一、动词+介词
1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …照看…
2.listen to…听……
3.welcome to…迎候到……
4.say hello to …向……问好
5.speak to…对……言语
此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。
二、动词+副词
“动词+副词”所构成的短语义分为两类:
A.动词(vt.)+副词
1.put on 穿上 2.take off脱下 3.write down记下
此类短语能够带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词先后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词的前面。
B.动词(vi)+副词。
1.come on连忙 2.get up起床 3.go home回家
4.come in进来 5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立
此类短语属于不如物动词,不能够带宾语。
三、其它类动词词组
1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class
4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper
7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games
10. play games
[介词短语聚焦]
“介词+名词/代词”所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将Unitsl-16常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。
1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示应用某种语言或穿着……。
2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。
3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段日期。
4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。
5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。
6.in the wall表示“在墙上(低陷进去)”;on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的外表)”。
7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应留神此类短语中无the。
8.at + 时刻表示钟点。
9.like this/that表示形式,意为“像……这/那样”。
10.of短语表示所属关系。
11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。
12.from与to多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。
此外,以下这些短语也必须把握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one’s bike等。
[重点句型大回放]
1.I think…意为“我觉得……”,是对某人或某事的见解或态度的一种句型。其抵赖式常用I don’t think…,
2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb.
3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。
4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。
5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后使用不带to的动词不定式,其抵赖式为Don’t let sb,do sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 此外,Let’s 与Let us的含意不彻底相同,前者包罗听者在内,后者不包罗听者在内,
6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“救助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者能够互换.
7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的见解、意见、见解等。about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。
8.It’s time to do…/ It’s time for sth. 意为“该做……的日期了”,当中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。
9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“酷爱做某事”, 前一种句型着重透彻的顺次性的动作;后一种句型着重习性性的动作,
10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,当中ask sb.后应接动词不定式,
11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第2点。
12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人举荐给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作举荐”。
[重点短语飞速温习]
1.kinds of 形形色色的
2. either…or…或许……或许……,不是……即使……
3. neither…nor…既不……也不……
4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶
5. take a seat 就坐
6. home cooking 家常做法
7. be famous for 因……而知名
8. on ones way to在……途中
9. be sick/ill in hospital得病住院
10. at the end of在……的终点,在……的末尾
11. wait for 期待
12. in time 即时
13. make one’s way to…往……(困难地)走去
14. just then 正在当初
15. first of all 首先,第一
16. go wrong 走错路
17. be/get lost 迷路
18. make a noise 闹腾,喧哗
19. get on 上车
20. get off 下车
21. stand in line 站队
22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室
23. at the head of……在……的前头
24. laugh at 耻笑
25. throw about 乱丢,抛散
26. in fact 的确上
27. at midnight 在半夜
28. have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得愉快
29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架
30. take one’s temperature 给某人体温
31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛
32. have a headache 头痛
33. as soon as… 一……就……
34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事
35. stop…from doing sth. 禁止……干某事
36. fall asleep 入梦
37. again and again再三地,重复地
38. wake up 醒来,叫醒
39. instead of 轮换
40. look over 考验
41. take exercise活动
42. had better(not) do sth. 优良(不要)干某事
43. at the weekend 在周末
44. on time 准时
45. out of从……向外
46. all by oneself 独立,单独
47. lots of=a lot of 好多
48. no longer/more=not…any longer/more 不再
49. get back 归来,取回
50. sooner or later迟早
51. run away 窜逃
52. eat up 吃光,吃完
53. run after 追赶
54. take sth. with sb. 某人随身带着某物
55. take(good) care of…=look after…(well) (好好)照看,照看
56. think of 斟酌到,想起
57. keep a diary 保持写日记
58. leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下
59. harder and harder 越来越厉害
60. turn on敞开(电灯、收音机、煤气等)
61. turn off 关
[重温重点句型]
1.So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语.
前面陈述的评判状况也适于另一人(物)时,常用到这种倒装构造,表示“另一人(物)也如此。”前面陈述的抵赖状况也适于另一人(物)时,常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.”这种倒装构造。
留神:“So+主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”这一句型常用于表示赞同,进一步评判对方的见解,表示“的确如此。”“是呀。”
2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing.
这一指路的句型意为“在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。”相当于Take the first /second/…turning on theright/left.
3.It takes sb.some time to do sth.
此句型表示“干某事花了某人一段日期。”当中的it是形式主语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真实的主语.
4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth.
此句型中的it是形式宾语,不可用其它代词轮换,形容词作宾语的补足语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真实的宾语。
5.What’s wrong with…?
此句型相当于What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为“某物出什么缺陷了?”后跟某人作宾语时,意为“某人怎么了?”
6.too…to…
在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是抵赖句时,常与简单句too…to…(太……而不能……)进行句型转换。
在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是评判句时,常与简单句…enough to…进行句型转换.
7.Sorry to hear that.
全句应为I’m sorry to hear that. 意为“听到此事我很不适(遗憾)。”常用于对旁人的不幸表示怜爱、遗憾之意。
[重点句型、词组大盘存]
1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她先前是一位汉语老师。
[用法] used to + 动词原形,表示先前常常性的动作或存在的态势,含有当前不再如此之意。
[调配] used to do的抵赖式能够是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do.
[比拟] used to do sth. 先前常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习性于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。
2.…return it sooner or later.
……迟早要将它退还。
[用法] l)sooner or later意为“迟早”、“早晚”。
2)return此处用作及物动词,意为“退还”,相当于give back.
[拓展]return还可用作不如物动词,意为“归来”,相当于go back或come back。
3.No matter what the weather is like…无论气象……
[用法]no matter what 相当于whatever,其意为“无论什么”,引导状语从句。
[拓展]类似no matter what的表白形式还有:
no matter when无论什么时候
nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;no matter where无论什么地方
no matter who无论谁
no matter how 无论怎么样
4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green.
一位年经人与格林先生练习讲英语。
[用法]practise doing sth. 表示“实践、练习(做)某事”。
[拓展]practice名词,“实践”、“施行”、“练习”;put a plan into practice厉行某计划。
5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans.
他激发大家插手防守我们的湖泊、河流和海洋的活动。
[用法]1)encourage用作动词,意思是“激发”、“声援”。
2)take part in“插手”,常表示插手活动。
3)protect 是动词,表示“抵挡”、“防守”。
[调配]1)encourage sb. in sth.在某事上激发或声援某人
nbsp;encourage sb. to do sth.激发某人干某事
2)protect sh. from sth.使某人不受某事侵袭或措伤
6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警戒人们端庄水里的鲨鱼。
[用法] warn用作动词,意思是“警戒”、“警戒”。
[调配]1)warn sb.+ that从句
2)warn sb. of sth. 警戒某人某事
3)warn sb. to do sth.警戒某人做某事
4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.警戒某人端庄某事/不要做某事
重点句型、词组大盘存 1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她先前是一位汉语老师。 [ 用法 ] used to + 动词原形,表示先前常常性的动作或存在的态势,含有当前不再如此之意。 [ 调配 ] used to do的抵赖式能够是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do. [ 比拟 ] used to do sth. 先前常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习性于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。 ……
参考资料:http://forum.ikaka.com/topic.asp?board=62&artid=7173229

初中英语知识点综合,初中英语知识点

初二英语知识点归纳

初二英语知识点综合

1单元 snake robot 蛇形机器人
space station 太空站 seem possible 看起来或许
be able to (do) = can 能够
the World Cup 世界杯 2单元
look for 寻找 keep out 不让……进去
in the future 在未来,在未来 pay for 付款
come true (志向)成为的确 Teen Talk 青少年论坛
go skating 去滑冰 in style 时兴的,风行的
fall in love with… 爱上 out of style 过时的
hundreds of 好几百,许好多多 all kinds of 各种,多种
be free 免费 on the one hand (在)一方面
in 100 years (用于未来时) 一百年后 on the other hand (在)另一方面
be in high school 上中学 as…as possible 尽或许…地
live alone 单独居住 =as…as sb can
go swimming 去游泳 get on with… 与…相处,进展
see sb do sth 目睹某人做… have a hair cut 理发
over and over again 顺次又顺次 part-time job 兼职工作
get bored 厌烦 call sb up=ring sb up 打电话给……
space rocket 太空火箭 on the phone 在通话
electric toothbrush 电动牙刷 What’s the matter (with)? 怎么了?
computer programmer 电脑过程员 What’s wrong (with)? 怎么了?
live to be 200 years old 活到200岁 the same as… 与……同样的
(书上主要表白) complain about 怪罪……
will be… 将成为…… argue with… 与……吵架
study on computer 在电脑上学习 surprise sb 使…惊诧
as a reporter 作为一名记者 borrow from… 向……借
keep a pet 养一只宠物 lend to… 把…借给…
during the week 在一周其间 find out 发觉,找出
wear a suit (uniform) 穿西装(制服) except me 除非我
at the weekend 在周末 do wrong 做错事
on vacation 在假期 under too much pressure 承受太多压力
predict the future 预料未来 take part in 插手
the head of a company 公司尽职人 compare …with… 把…和…比拟
need to do sth 必要做某事 (书上主要表白)
job interview 求职面视 enough money 足够的钱
science fiction movie 科幻电影 write sb a letter 给某人写信
just like… 就像…… a ball game 一场球赛
help with +名词 救助做某事 talk about… 谈论…话题
make sb do sth 使某人做…… say sorry to… 向…说对不起
It’s easy for sb to do sth 做某事很简单 have a bake sale 卖烤点
wake up 醒来 buy….for…. 为…买…
get a tuqtor 请家教 get out of the shower 洗完澡
be popular at school 在学校受迎候 sleep late 睡懒觉
everyone else 其他每一己 buy a souvenir 买纪念品
invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 go into=enter 进去
fail the test 考试不达标 call the police 报警
return= give back 退还 at around ten o’clock 在十点左右
have a fight with… 同…大吵、打架 shop assistant 售货员
give some advice 提创议 the Museum of Flight 飞行博物馆
busy enough 足够忙 take a photo 照相
not…until 直到……才 walk around 遍地走走
nothing new 没什么新奇的 police officer 警官
seem to do sth 好象要做某事 a car accident 车祸
push a lot more 逼得更紧 event in history 历史事件
a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈 in modern history 在现代史上
know about… 获悉,探听…… everyday activity 日常活动
find it+形容词 to do sth 发觉做某事很… at that time=then 在当初
think for oneself 为自己斟酌 ask sb to do sth 叫…做某事
plan the life 计划生活 in silence=silently 静默地
learn to do sth=study to do 学习做某事 be born 出生
a bit=a little 一点 have meaning to sb 对…有含义
organized activity 有组织的活动 national hero 民族英雄
by oneself 靠某人自己
after-school club 课外俱乐部 4单元
get over 胜利、恢复
3单元 sea level 海平面
come in 进来 Chinese Young Pioneer 中国少年先锋队
World Trade Center (WTC) 世界贸易心脏 do well in=be good at 在…方面擅长
as…as… 和……一样 pass on 递送
take place=happen 缔造 first of all 首先
hear about 听说 report card 业绩单
take off 起飞;脱下 in good health 身体康健
get out 出去,解脱 open up 敞开
barber shop 理发店 be supposed to 被期待,被要求
run away 窜逃,跑掉 care for 照看,照看
in front of 在…前面 senior high school 高中
in the front of 在…前部 the Ministry of Education 教导部
walk down the street 沿着街走 be mad at=be angry at 对……很怄气
an unusual experience 顺次不日常经验 not…anymore 不再…
Beijing International Airport 北京国际机场 end-of-year exam 期末考试
in space 在太空中 have a favor 救助
all over the world 全世界 get nervous 变得急切
train station 火车站 disappointing result 令人失望的后果
(书上主要表白) copy one’s homework 抄袭作业
(书上主要表白) play party games 玩团聚游戏
have a surprise party 进行惊喜派对 study for the test 为考试温习
drinks and snacks 饮料和零食 ask sb to do sth 叫某人做某事
the next day 第二天 ID card 身份证
How is it going? 一切还好吗? travel around the world 环球旅游
have a hard time with… 对…感到头痛 get an education 受教导
have a big fight 大吵一架 might seem like 好像好象……
forget to do sth 忘怀做…(没做) a dream job 志向的工作
It’s right for sb to do sth 做…是准确的 all over the world 全世界
start a bad habit 养成坏习性 make life difficult 使生活变得困难
poor mountain village 贫困山区 get injured 负伤
change one’s life 变换…的生活 have a difficult time doing sth 做某事很难
the peking University 北京大学 real friend 真好友
rural area 农村地区 in fact 原形上
make sb feel sick 使某人不闲适 class party 班会
agree with… 赞同…… laugh at sb 耻笑某人
need to do sth 必要做某事 dye the hair 染发
three times a day 一日三次 past tense 先前时
school dormitory 学校校舍 watch out 端庄、端庄
outside world 外界
finish doing sth 完结做某事 6单元
volunteer teacher 志向者老师 by the way 顺便说一句
mother earth 地球母亲 far (away) from… 距离…很边远
be in danger 在风险之中 run out of 用完,耗竭
more than=over 比…多;多于
5单元和1-5单元温习 be interested in… 对……感兴致
take away 拿走 the Olympic Games 奥运会
make a living 谋生 Hilltop School 山头学校
around the world 全世界 raise money for charity 为慈祥筹钱
all the time=always 总是,一直 a pair of skates 一双溜冰鞋
mobile phone 移动电话,手机 go native 入境问俗
in order to… 为了…… do (try) one’s best 尽某人最大努力
let in 允许进去 go together 匹配;谐和
remind …of… 使人想起…… let sb know 让某人获悉
be hurt badly 繁重负伤 inline skating 纵列式溜冰
make money 挣钱 probably=maybe=perhaps 或许
look up to 尊重 have sth done(先前分词) (请旁人)做某事
charity event 慈祥事件 polar bear 北极熊
professional athlete 工作运动员 three and a half years 三年半
(书上主要表白)
wear jeans 穿牛仔裤 (书上主要表白)
take a bus to…… 坐公车去…… collect the stamps 集邮
help sb do sth 救助某人做…… skating marathon 滑冰马拉松
several=a few 几个 pay a big fine 赔款
be the first one to do sth 第一个做某事 throw away 扔掉
snow globe 雪球 argue about… 为……而吵架
anyone else 其他任何人 sell out 卖完
start a club 缔造一个俱乐部 five times the price 价格的5倍多
tell sb about… 告知某人关于某事 (书上主要表白)
fly a kite 放风筝 do the dishes 洗碗
music video 音乐录影带 look terrible 看起来很蹩脚
talent show 天才扮演 move the car 挪挪汽车
Heilongjiang Province 黑龙江省 help…with(名词) 救助某人做某事
colorful history 多彩的历史 finish the task 完结使命
European influence 欧洲风格的波及 clothing store 服装店
in Russian style 俄罗斯风格 order a hamburger 预订个汉堡包
Song Emperor 宋朝皇帝 shop assistant 售货员
western history 西方历史 follow sb around=go after sb 跟着某人转
The more…, the more… 越…,就越…… English-speaking country 说英语的国度
learn about… 学习…… social behavior 社交行动
have problem with… 在…上有问题 be useful to do sth 做某事很有用
be close to… 逼近……
7单元 in all situations 在各种场所下
no problem 没问题 feel uncomfortable 感到不闲适
wait in line 排队期待 even if 即使,就算
keep…down 压低声响,使和缓 be with sb 和…在同时
pick up 捡起 It’s better to do sth 优良做某事
break the rule 违抗法度 public place 公共场所
take care=be careful 端庄,端庄 in public 在公共场所里
put out the cigarette 熄灭香烟 allow sb to do sth 允许某人做…
at first (反) at last, finally 首先(反)最后 see sb do(doing) sth 目睹某人做…
cut in line 插队 give sb a suggestion 给某人提创议
turn down (up) 关小(开大) take the suggestion 领受创议
not at all 大约不;一点也不 drop litter 扔草芥
Would you mind (not) doing sth 你在意(不)…吗?
Could you please (not) do sth 请(不要)…好吗 8单元
turn on/off 开(关) fall asleep 入梦,睡着
right away =in a minute 立即 give away 赠送,分发
=at once make friends with sb 与……交好友
at a meeting 在开会 hear of… 听说……
hair stylist 发型师,整容师 the Olympics 奥运会
get annoyed 变得气恼 the Olympic Committee 奥委会
get married 结婚 take an interest in… 对……感兴致
get mad 变得激动 photo album 相册
get angry 变得怄气 rather than… 胜于;(与其),不如
happen to sb 某人缔造某事 make progress 获取长进
these days=now 当前,当前 gone to… 已去某地(途中)
too…to… 太…以致于不能… get some exercise 锻炼
give up doing sth 摈弃做某事 It takes forty minutes 花了40分钟
give…to… 给某人…… Neither have I=me neither 我也不曾(去)
stage manner 舞台台风 get to=reach=arrive in(at) 抵达
native speaker 说本族语的人 take a lesson=have a lesson 上课
learn by heart 专注记住 (书上主要表白)
look up (在书中)查询 water park 水上乐园
for a while 暂时,一会儿 space museum 太空博物馆
an 80-year-old grandmother 一位80岁的外婆 take the subway 坐地铁
China Radio International 中国国际广播电台 Mickey mouse 米老鼠
(书上主要表白) Donald Duck 唐老鸭
get sb sth=buy sth for sb 给某人买…… Disney character 迪士尼卡通人物
How about=what about ……怎么样? theme park 主题公园
Why don’y you do sth? 为什么不做…呢 be themed with… 被冠以…主题
Why not do sth? (同上) walk around 遍地走走
special enough 足够奇特 Disney Cruise 迪士尼巡游
pot-bellied pig named Connie 取名叫科尼尔的猪 take a ride 搭乘……
eat a lot 吃得多 just like… 就像,正如
keep a pet 养宠物 take different route 走不同线路
pay for=spend for 为……付钱 exchange student 交流生
learn to do sth=study to do 学习做某事 flight attendant 空中乘务员
improve English 提高英语 language school 语言学校
enter a contest 插手竞赛 such as=for example 例如
as well as… 和……一样好 listening skill 听力技巧
age group 年岁组 Southeast Asia 东南亚
win the prize 博得奖金 take a holiday 度假
encourage sb to do sth 激发某人做某事 have problem doing sth 做某事有困难
have fun with… 做…很有兴致 foreign country 外国
find out 找出,发觉 during the daytime 在白天
find a way to do sth 找到做某事的办法 wake up 醒来,唤醒某人
be awake 醒着的
9单元 natural environment 大方环境
end up 完结 It’s best to do sth 做好做某事
on board 在船上 10单元
have a great time 玩得愉快 look through 浏览
amusement park 娱乐园 come along=appear 揭示,缔造
tour guide 导游 get along=get on with… 相处
three quarters 四分之三 at least (反) at most 至少(反)最多
Night Safari 夜间野生动物园 have a small talk=chat 闲扯
all year around 全年,一年到头 opening question 开场白问题
roller coaster 过山车 thank-you note 谢恩信
(ever) been to… 已经去过某地 cross the busy street 穿越繁忙的大街
have a wonderful time 过得愉快 show sb around 带某人观赏某地
be friendly to sb 对某人友好 show the way 指路
be happy to do sth 很愉快做某事 have a hard time doing 做某事很困难
invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 make it easy to do sth 使做某事简捷
have a family dinner 家庭聚餐 go with sb 同某人同时去
look both side 看两边 win the game 博得竞赛
(书上主要表白) dining room 食堂、饭厅
Franklin Lake 弗兰克林湖 holiday job 假期短工
by noon 到中午之前 review=go over 温习
I hope so 但愿如此 opposite word 反义词
wait to do sth 等着做某事 decide to do sth 定夺做某事
baby sister=younger sister 妹妹 meet friends 碰面好友
feel like doing=want to do sth 想做某事

(责任编辑:戈谆族)

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