苏教版高一英语必修一语法知识点综合,高中英语知识点

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苏教版高一英语必修一语法知识点总结

一. 直接引语和间接引语 (一)直接引述旁人的原话,叫做直接引语;用自己话转述旁人的话,叫做间接引语。间接引语平凡构成宾语从句。直接引语必须放在引号内,间接引语则不用引号。直接引语改为间接引语时,除将引语部分变成宾语从句外,还必须对直接引语中的人称、时态、指示代词、日期状语、地点状语等进行变换。 1. 时态的变换:直接引语变为间接引语时,日常受转述动词said, asked等的波及而应用先前化的时态,即把本来的时态向先前推,也即使平凡当前时变为平凡先前时,目向前行时变为先前进行时,等等。例如: Tom said to me,“My brother is doing his homework.” →Tom said to me that his brother was doing his homework. 2. 人称代词、指示代词、日期状语、地点状语等等的变换: 根据含义进行相应的变换,例如: She asked Jack,“Where have you been?” →She asked Jack where he had been. He said,“These books are mine.” →He said that those books were his. (二)直接引语改为间接引语时,都应用陈述语序,可是因为原句的句式不同,所以变成间接引语时所用的连词会有所不同。直接引语假使是平凡疑问句,用联结词whether或if;假使是特殊疑问句,则用疑问词引导间接引语。转述的动词平凡用asked,能够在其后加上一个间接宾语me, him, her, us等。如: She said,“Is your father at home?” →She asked me if/whether my father was at home. “What do you do every Sunday?”My friend asked me. →My friend asked me what I did every Sunday. 直接引语假使是祈使句,改为间接引语时,要将祈使句的动词原形变为带to的不定式,并在不定式的前面根据原句的语气(即哀求或号令)加上ask, tell, order等动词,假使祈使句为抵赖式,则在不定式前加not。其句型为:ask / tell / order someone (not) to do something. 例如: She said to us,“Please sit down.” →She asked us to sit down. He said to him,“Go away!” →He ordered him to go away. He said, “Don’t make so much noise, boys.” →He told the boys not to make so much noise. 二. 各种时态的被动语态 被动语态简述 被动语态的思想:它是动词的一种形式,表示主语与谓语之间的遵行或被遵行关系。主动语态表示主语是谓语动作的遵行者,例如:They saw the little boy crying by the river. 被动语态表示主语是谓语动作的承受者,例如:The little boy was seen crying by the river. 被动语态的构成 被动语态的形式是由“助动词be+动词的先前分词”构成。助动词be随着主语的人称、数、时态等的不同而变换。几种常见时态的被动语态形式如下: 1. 平凡当前时 am/is/are + 先前分词 例如:Rice is planted in the south of China. 2. 平凡先前时 was/were + 先前分词 例如:These trees were planted the year before last. 3. 平凡未来时 will/shall + be + 先前分词 例如:A sports meeting will be held next week in our school. 4. 目向前行时 am/is/are + being + 先前分词 例如:Your radio is being repaired now. 5. 先前进行时 was/were + being + 先前分词 When he got there, the problem was being discussed. 6. 当前完结时 have/has + been + 先前分词 His work has been finished. Has his work been finished? Yes, it has. / No, it hasn’t. 7. 先前完结时 had + been + 先前分词 留神: 1.除非be之外的其它系动词如get, stay等也能够和先前分词构成被动语态。例如:Their questions haven’t got answered. 2. 含有情态动词的谓语变成被动语态应用“情态动词+ be + 先前分词”构造。例如: More attention should be paid to the old in this country. This work can’t be done until Mr. Black comes. 3. 含有“be going to”, “be to”等构造的谓语,其被动语态离别用“be going to + be + 先前分词”和“be to + be + 先前分词”。例如: The problem is going to be discussed at the next meeting. All these books are to be taken to the library. 4. 被动语态与系表构造的差别:“连系动词+用作表语的先前分词”构成的系表构造,与被动语态的形式彻底一样,所以应留神它们的差别。被动语态中的先前分词是动词,多着重动作;系表构造中的先前分词相当于形容词,多着重态势。前者日常可用by 引出动作的遵行者,而后者则不能够。例如: The map was changed by someone.(被动构造) That custom remained unchanged for many centuries.(系表构造) 系表构造中的先前分词日常可被very装点,被动语态中的先前分词常常要用much装点。 例如: He was very excited.(系表构造) He was much excited by her words.(被动构造) 5. 主动形式表被动含义。有些动词的主动形式有被动意味,如 open, read, sell, shut, wash, wear, write等。当前句子的主语平凡是物。例如: These books sell well. 这些书很畅销。 The door won’t shut. 这门关不上。 The clothes wash well. 这些衣服很好洗。
Unit 11. 词组: add up add up to add… to… add to calm… down have got to be concerned about / with walk the dog cheat … of go through go ahead go by set down set up set off set out a series of on purpose by accident/ chance in order to so as to in order that so as that at dusk at dawn at midnight at noon face to face no longer not … any longer settle down suffer from recover from get/ be tired of make a list of list pack… up get along/ on with fall in love be grateful to sb. for sth. join in take part in join attend make sb/ sth + 宾语补足语 have something/ anything/ everything /nothing to do with it’s because….. +原因 it’s why…. + 后果 dare + (to) do (实义动词) do (情态动词) a year and a half it’s no pleasure+ doing sth happen to do sth have trouble with sb (in) doing sth exactly find it + adj. + to do sth make friends with swap … with it is / was + 序数词 + that + has done / had done ….unit 2词组: because of come up come up with come in come on come out actually in fact as a matter of fact in reality be based on at present make use of make full/ good use of such as play a part/ role in recognize … as more than one + 谓语用单数 at the end of in the end at an end voyage tour travel journey than ever before even if / though communicate with those + 定语从句 用who 1600’s 1980s in + 物主代词 + 数字的复数 in his forties the former the latter a number of the number of make sense usage VS use believe it or not there is no such + 名词 (不加冠词) the way + in which / that /省略 especially specially straight adj/ advunit 3词组: prefer to do , rather than do would rather do , than do would do , rather than do fare VS fee ever since it’s is / has been + 日期段 + since 从句 graduate from/ in be fond of cut across cut up cut down care about care for determine to do sth = be determined to do sth change one’s mind make up one’s mind at an altitude of give in give up give off give out give away keep pace with as usual bend over take the advantage of persuade sb to do sth / into doing sth not to do sth/ out of doing sth advise sb to do sth try to persuade sb to do sth although though grow up insist on put up put down put off put on put away can hardly wait to do sth bend over take the advantage of persuade sb to do sth / into doing sth not to do sth/ out of doing sth advise sb to do sth try to persuade sb to do sth although though grow up insist on put up put down put off put on put away can hardly wait to do sth unit 4词组:right away at once immediately burst into laughter/ tears burst out doing sth as if / though in ruins injure wound hurt destroy damage be trapped in dig out bury oneself in doing sth rise raise arise too… to be away it seems as if + 陈述语气/ 虚拟语气 act out be pleased / willing/ glad to do sthhonor in honor of be proud of express my thanks to unit 5词组: of high/ good quality devote to + doing found VS set up in principle in peace out of work in work out of control in control vote for vote against be equal to in trouble turn to turn on / off turn up / down lose heart lose one’s heart escape from / + doing sth come to power / in power be sentenced to in one’s opinion fight for / against blow up dream of/ about imagine doing sth the first time for the first time 语法点1. whether VS if 的用法2. tell sb to do sth ask sb not to do sth 3. be + doing 表未来4. 定语从句: 只用that 的状况 只用who 的状况 只用which的状况 as VS which the same … as / that… such… as as … as 介词+ which/ whom which 引导一个句子的用法 非局限性定语从句which 引导一个句子的用法 非局限性定语从句 插入语 I think I believe I guess I thought 间隔式定语从句 Is this car the one he bought last year? Is this the car he bought last year? What 的用法5. will be done be about to be done be to be done be going to be done 6. has/ have been done 7. be being done 加always 表示一种厌烦等语气8. 着重句 it is + 被着重部分 + that 从句 It is not until + 日期 + that 从句 特殊疑问词 + is it that 从句 9. 倒装句 部分抵赖,含有抵赖词的 hardly never little only seldom 等, 把情态动词,be 动词, 助动词提到主语 的前面10. as if , insist suggest request command ,从句用虚拟语气, 用(should) do 。

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苏教版高一英语必修一语法知识点综合,高中英语知识点

高一英语必修四知识点总结

Unit 1

wake up醒来
wander off 漫步
most of the time 整体部日期
either…or… 或……或……
each other 互相
spend…(in)doing sth 消费日期做某事
be determined to do 定夺做……
think about 见解
for example 示例子
work out 得出;处理
argue for 为……辩白
argue with 与……吵架/辩论
argue against 辩论……
set up (透彻)安设;装配/(笼统)缔造
do some research 做斟酌
choose to do sth. 宁肯、偏要、定夺做某事
catch one’s eye 引起某人的留神
care for 照看
be intended for/to do 为……而准备、预定
reach a doctor 找到医生
must have done 必须是;想必是
get a training 获取训练
as well as ……也
second to 次于
get sb. into使某人进去/落入
story after story 一个故事随后一个
day after day 一天又一天
deliver a baby 给……接生
make sure 确保
by the time 这时候
carry on 继续
be concerned about 对……关注
put…to death 处死
devote…to…把……专注于……
rather than 不是……而是……
mean doing 意味着
mean to do 计划做……
settle down 部署下来
apply to 使用到……
be prepared to 已经做好准备去做……
prepare to do 准备要做……

Unit2
if so 假使有……
if not 假使不曾……
know about 探听
call him a farmer 称谓他为农民
in many ways 在好多方面
struggle for 为……冲突
the past five decades 先前的五十年
be born in poverty 出生贫困
graduate from 毕业于……
since then 从那未来
thanks to 由于
rid…of…使……解脱……
be satisfied with 对……合意
lead a … life 过着……生活
care about 在意……
used to 先前常常
be used to 被用来做;习性于
get used to 习性于
prefer to do sth. 更酷爱做某事
wish for 欲获取、愿获取
no matter 无论
in need of 必要
refer to 谈及;提到
be rich in 富含
insist on doing 保持做……
ready to do sth 准备好要做没某事
be against 抗议
pay attention to 留神;留神
that is to say 换句说
be certain/sure to do 确信会做某事
persuade sb to do sth 劝止某人干某事-后果胜利
advise sb to do sth 劝告某人干某事-后果失败

Unit3
bump into 撞上(=knock into);遇见
be content with 对……合意
worse off 处境差
astonish sb. with sth. 用某事物使某人震惊
be famous for 由于……而知名
in poverty 贫困
be well known 闻名
be set in 以……为背景
in search of 寻找
pick up 捡起
be caught in 被困在……
pick out (用一己嗜好或巴望进行)挑选
cut off切下
star in 扮演
turn into 变为
ask for 要求……
no more than不超越
come across 走降临;偶尔碰到
break down 把……分解/弄碎;趴窝
fall over 摔翻
fall down 趴架
do well in ……(方面)做得好
make a cup of tea 泡茶
bring out 取出;说明
bring in 引入
a sense of ……思想

Unit4
be interested in 对……感兴致
look around周围观望
send sb. to do 派遣某人……
even if 尽管
meet with(=come into)偶尔碰到
may have done 某事或许已经做了(或缔造)
reach out…for… 伸出……去……
not all 不是所有
spoken language 口语
close to 逼近
be likely to 有或许……
introduce sth. to sb. 向某人举荐……
not…nor…既不……也不……
shake hands with(=shake one’s hand)与某人握手
all kinds of 多种多样的……
be similar to 与……类似
at ease 闲适
up and down 上下
protect sb from V-ing/sth 从……防守某人
with your hands a little open 手略微张开
be willing to愿意去做……
look sb. in the eye 正视/直视某人
take action 采纳行动
watch out 端庄

Unit5
provide sb. with…供给……
a bit 一会儿;一点儿
such as如……
a variety of 形形色色的……
charge…for…向……收费
be based on 以……为根基
not just 不但仅
along with 连同……;陪伴……
come to life 活跃起来
have sth done 使得……;让……被做
be named after 以……命名
be different from 与……不同
get close to 逼近
learn about(=learn of)学习;得知;听到
take an active part in 主动插手
face to face 面迎面
try out 试探
large amounts of/a large amount of 大量(不可数)
point out 指出
at least 至少

询问

  主要是 语法那些。
追答

  学习英语优良即刻有阅读量,在于长日期的保持,那有一口吃成胖子的。日常保持阅读量,买一些有翻译的英语读本看一看,会有提高的。其实那语法是什么啊,即使日常读英语读得比拟顺口,读多了就有感受了。  学习技巧必要靠自己综合,旁人的技巧不见的符合你。  巴望对你有救助。

高一英语必修一知识点总结

Unit 1
1. 词组: add up add up to add… to… add to
calm… down
have got to
be concerned about / with
walk the dog
cheat … of
go through go ahead go by
set down set up set off set out
a series of
on purpose by accident/ chance
in order to so as to in order that so as that
at dusk at dawn at midnight at noon
face to face
no longer not … any longer
settle down
suffer from
recover from
get/ be tired of
make a list of list
pack… up
get along/ on with
fall in love
be grateful to sb. for sth.
join in take part in join attend
make sb/ sth + 宾语补足语
have something/ anything/ everything /nothing to do with
it’s because….. +原因
it’s why…. + 后果
dare + (to) do (实义动词)
do (情态动词)
a year and a half
it’s no pleasure+ doing sth
happen to do sth
have trouble with sb (in) doing sth
exactly
find it + adj. + to do sth
make friends with
swap … with
it is / was + 序数词 + that + has done / had done ….
unit 2
词组: because of
come up come up with come in come on come out
actually in fact as a matter of fact in reality
be based on
at present
make use of make full/ good use of
such as
play a part/ role in
recognize … as
more than one + 谓语用单数
at the end of in the end at an end
voyage tour travel journey
than ever before
even if / though
communicate with
those + 定语从句 用who
1600’s 1980s in + 物主代词 + 数字的复数 in his forties
the former the latter
a number of the number of
make sense
usage VS use
believe it or not
there is no such + 名词 (不加冠词)
the way + in which / that /省略
especially specially
straight adj/ adv
unit 3
词组: prefer to do , rather than do
would rather do , than do
would do , rather than do
fare VS fee
ever since
it’s is / has been + 日期段 + since 从句
graduate from/ in
be fond of
cut across cut up cut down
care about care for
determine to do sth = be determined to do sth
change one’s mind make up one’s mind
at an altitude of
give in give up give off give out give away
keep pace with
as usual
bend over
take the advantage of
persuade sb to do sth / into doing sth
not to do sth/ out of doing sth
advise sb to do sth try to persuade sb to do sth
although though
grow up
insist on
put up put down put off put on put away
can hardly wait to do sth
bend over

take the advantage of
persuade sb to do sth / into doing sth
not to do sth/ out of doing sth
advise sb to do sth try to persuade sb to do sth
although though
grow up
insist on
put up put down put off put on put away
can hardly wait to do sth
unit 4
词组:right away at once immediately
burst into laughter/ tears
burst out doing sth
as if / though
in ruins
injure wound hurt
destroy damage
be trapped in
dig out
bury oneself in doing sth
rise raise arise
too… to
be away
it seems as if + 陈述语气/ 虚拟语气
act out
be pleased / willing/ glad to do sth
honor in honor of
be proud of
express my thanks to
unit 5
词组: of high/ good quality
devote to + doing
found VS set up
in principle
in peace
out of work in work out of control in control
vote for vote against
be equal to
in trouble
turn to turn on / off turn up / down
lose heart lose one’s heart
escape from / + doing sth
come to power / in power
be sentenced to
in one’s opinion
fight for / against
blow up
dream of/ about
imagine doing sth
the first time for the first time
语法点
1. whether VS if 的用法
2. tell sb to do sth ask sb not to do sth
3. be + doing 表未来
4. 定语从句: 只用that 的状况
只用who 的状况
只用which的状况
as VS which
the same … as / that…
such… as
as … as
介词+ which/ whom
which 引导一个句子的用法 非局限性定语从句
which 引导一个句子的用法 非局限性定语从句
插入语 I think I believe I guess I thought
间隔式定语从句
Is this car the one he bought last year?
Is this the car he bought last year?
What 的用法
5. will be done
be about to be done
be to be done
be going to be done
6. has/ have been done
7. be being done 加always 表示一种厌烦等语气
8. 着重句 it is + 被着重部分 + that 从句
It is not until + 日期 + that 从句
特殊疑问词 + is it that 从句
9. 倒装句 部分抵赖,含有抵赖词的 hardly never little only seldom 等, 把情态动词,be 动词, 助动词提到主语 的前面
10. as if , insist suggest request command ,从句用虚拟语气, 用(should) do 。

参考资料: http://wenku.baidu.com/view/69c247ef5ef7ba0d4a733b54.html

苏教版高一英语必修一语法知识点综合,高中英语知识点

高中英语知识点

定语从句 (一)定语从句平凡由关系代词和关系副词引导

1、关系代词:who,whom,whose,which,that,as

2、关系副词:when,where,why

P.S :关系代词和关系副词必须位于从句之首,主句先行词之后,起着联结先行词和从句的作用,同时在从句中又充当句子成分。

e.g.She is the girl who sings best of all.(关系代词who在从句中作主语)

The comrade with whom I came knows French.(whom在从句中作介词with的宾语)

3、关系代词和关系副词的用法:

1)当先行词为人时用who作主语,whom作宾语;

2)当先行词为物或整个句子时用which,可作主语或宾语;

3)先行词为人、物时用that,可作主语或宾语;

4)whose用作定语,可指人或物;

5)关系副词when(指日期,在定语从句中作日期状语,where(指地点,在定语从句中作地点状语),why(指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语)。

(二)局限性定语从句与非局限性定语从句

1、局限性定语从句:从句与主句关系亲密,去掉从句,主句含义不完好,甚至不合逻辑。

e.g.I was the only person in our office who was invited.(去掉定语从句,意思就不完好)

2、非局限性定语从句:从句对先行词关系不亲密,去掉定从句,意思依旧完好。形式上用逗号隔开,不能that用引导。

e.g.Tom’s father,who is over sixty,still works hard day and night.(who引导非局限性定语从句,整个句子可分成两句来翻译)

(三)应用定语从句时奇特留神的几个问题

1、that与which的差别。

1)用that而不用which的状况:

①先行词为不定代词all,anything,nothing,…;

②先行词有最高级装点,有序数词装点;

③先行词有only,very,any等词装点;

④先行词既有人又有物时。

e.g.There is nothing that can prevent him from doing it.不曾什么能禁止他不干那件事。

The first place that they visited in Guilin was Elephant Trunk Hill.在桂林他们所观赏的第一个地方是象鼻山。

This is the best film that I have ever seen.这部电影是我看过的优良的一部。

Mr Smith is the only foreigner that he knows.史密斯先生是他认识的唯独的外国人。

2)用which而不用that的状况:

①引导非局限性定语从句;

②代表整个主句的意思;

③介词+关系代词。

e.g.He had failed in the maths exam,which made his father very angry.他数学考试不曾达标,这使他的父亲很怄气。

This is the room in which my father lived last year.这是父亲去年居住过的房子。

3)as引导定语从句时的用法

①as引导局限性定语从句日常用于thesame…as,such…as构造中。

e.g.I want the same shirt as myfriend’s.我要一件跟我好友一样的衬衫。

Such machines as are used in our workshop are made in China.我们车间应用的这种机器是中国制造的。

②as引导非局限性定语从句既可放在主句之前,也可放在主句之后,用来装点整个句子。日常用下列句型:

as is known to all,as is said,as is reported,

as is announced,as we all know,as I expect等。

e.g.As I expected,he got the first place again in this mid-term examination.正如我所意料的那样,他在这次期中考试中又获取了第一名。

3)as引导非局限性定语从句时与which的差别

①当主句和从句语义一致时,用as;反之,用which来引导非局限性定语从句。e.g.He made along speech,as we expected.

He made along speech,which was unexpected.

②当非局限订语从句为抵赖时,常用which引导。

e.g.Tom drinks a lot everyday,which his wife doesn’t like at all.

2.关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数还是用复数应由先行词定夺。e.g.The man who lives downstairs speaks English fluently.住在楼下的那一己英语说得很畅通。 The students who are in GradeThree are going to climb the hill tomorrow.

3.定语从句有时不直接紧靠先行词,当中由一个定语、状语或谓语隔开。e.g.There is an expression in his eyes that I can’t understand.

4.引导定语从句的关系副词有时能够用“介词+which”来轮换。

e.g.October 1,1949 was the day on which(=when)the People’s Republic of China was founded.

5.当定语从句中谓语动词是带介词或副词的稳定短语动词时,短语动词的各个稳定部分不要拆开。

e.g.The sick man whom she is looking after is her father.

6.介词在关系代词前,只能用which和whom,且不能省略;介词在句尾,关系代词可有which,that,whom,口语中也可用who,且可省略。

e.g.The man(whom/who/that)you were talking about has come to school.
参考资料:http://baike.baidu.com/view/56536.html?wtp=tt

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